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Al-Haram Mosque in Makkah The Prophet's Mosque in Madinah . Al-Aqsa Mosque Compound in Jerusalem

 

 

Islam: God's Message of Guidance to Humanity

 

By Hassan Ali El-Najjar

 

Table of Contents

 

I. Introduction: Basic Information

 

1. Islam: A Brief Introduction

 

2. Three Levels of Faith: Islam, Iman, and Ihsan 

 

3. The Scientific Evidence That God Exists and the Holy Qur'an Is His Message to Humanity 

 

4. Creation and Evolution in the Holy Qur'an

 

5. Humans, As God's Caliphs on Earth

 

6. Adam's Contest With the Angels, and Getting Out of Paradise


7.
Worshippers By Choice Or Forced Slaves?  

 

8. The Relationship Between the Spiritual and the Physical Aspects of Islamic Teachings  

 

9. Mind, Self, Soul, Spirit, and Happiness from an Islamic Perspective 

 

10. Heart-Mind Relationship in the Holy Quran  

 

II. Islam: The Five Pillars of the Faith Structure

 

11. Islamic Proclamation of Faith

 

12. Performing Islamic Prayers

 

13. Giving Zakah (Charity)

 

14. Fasting and Ramadhan, Great Gifts from Allah to Muslims

 

15. Haj, Pilgrimage, the Fifth Pillar of Islam

 

III. Iman: Allah, His Angels, Messengers, Messages, Latter Day, and Qadar

 

16. Allah, As He Described Himself in the Holy Quran 

 

17. Angels

 

18. Noo'h, Noah, in the Holy Quran  

 

19. Ibrahim, Abraham, in the Holy Quran

 

20. Moussa, Moses, in the Holy Quran

 

21. 'Eissa, Jesus Christ, in the Holy Quran  

 

22. Muhammed in the Holy Quran

 

23. Prophet Muhammed's Night Journey and Ascent to Heavens, Al-Issra Wal Mi'raj

 

24. The Last Day, The Hour, Resurrection, Reckoning, and Judgment

 

25. God's Precise Measurement and His Just Decree, Al-Qadar Wal Qadha

 

IV. I'hsan: Watching Allah in Speech and Deeds

 

1. Introduction to Islamic Law, Shari'a, Part I, Prohibition, Don't Do, and Do Commands in the Holy Quran

 

2. The No (La) Commands

 

3. The Imperative Commands 

 

***

 

Articles with Islamic Perspective:

 

Health Care Crisis in the US: An Islamic Perspective

 

"Terrorism" & "Islamo-Fascism" Propaganda Campaigns: An Interactive Lecture

 

Six Questions About Islam, Muslims and Jews

 

Five Islamic Issues: Predestination and choice, position toward other religions, angels, and the End of Days

Food Islamic Rules and Teachings
 

 

Are Muslim women second-class citizens  

 

The French Ban on Islamic Headscarf, an Interview with

 

Links to Islamic Topics 2007-2010

 

Links to Islamic Topics 2007

 

Links to Islamic topics 2006

 

Links to Islamic topics 2005

 

Links to Islamic topics 2004

 

Links to Islamic topics, 2003

 

2002 Links to Islamic topics

 

 

 

 

Islam:

God's Message of Guidance to Humanity

 

11

 

Islamic Proclamation of Faith

 

By Hassan Ali El-Najjar

 

Updated on the 7th of Jumada Al-Awwal, 1440 - 13th of January, 2019

 

 

***

 

 

 

 

1440 - 2019

 

***

 

I seek refuge with Allah from the Stoned Shaytan

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

 

 

Introduction 

 

The proclamation of faith is the first of the five pillars of the Islamic faith structure, followed by performing the five daily prayers, giving Zakat (charity), fasting the month of Ramadhan, and making the pilgrimage (Haj) to the First House of Allah on Earth, Al-Ka'aba, in Makkah. 

 

Overall, these ways of worshipping Allah, praise to Him, are beneficial to the worshippers, their families, their communities, and the world. However, the proclamation of faith has special importance, as it directs the other ways of worship to be in obedience to God, in order to achieve the maximization of the benefits, and to gain His blessings and His mercy in this life and in the Hereafter. [1] 

 

The proclamation of the Islamic faith requires an announcement about the oneness of God and the acknowledgement of His final Messenger to humanity, as follows:

 

" "

 

"I bear witness that there is no other god than (except) Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammed is the Messenger of Allah."  

The importance of this proclamation of faith is in that a person acknowledges the existence of Allah (God), praise to Him, as the Creator of the Universe, and acknowledges that Muhammed, peace and blessings be upon him (pbbuh) is the Messenger of Allah. [2]   

 

Thus, the proclamation of faith means that a person accepts the Message of Allah, which is revealed to humanity through His Messenger, Muhammed (pbbuh), as expressed in the in the Holy Quran and its explanation, the Sunna. People have believed in Gods existence as a result of their realization that there should be a Creator for the Universe. This belief was reinforced by Gods messages to them, which confirmed Gods existence and His Oneness. The final of these messages has been the Holy Quran, which provided humans with the scientific evidence about the existence of the Creator of the heavens and the Earths, as was discussed in the third and fourth chapters of this book. [3]   

 

 

Verses containing the proclamation that there is no other god than (except) Allah

 

Gods oneness is mentioned 37 times in 36 verses, in the Holy Quran. The proclamation that there is no other god than (except) He is mentioned in 30 verses. In addition, there are two verses in which the proclamation states that there is no other god than (except) Allah. The proclamation that there is no other god than (except) Me is mentioned three times. Gods oneness is also mentioned once, by Younus (Jonah), peace be to him, and once by the Pharaoh, when it was too late for him to acknowledge it. [4]   

 

Here are three examples from these verses:

 

ٰ ۚ ٰ ( 3: 18). 

ٰ ٰ   ( 20: 89). 

ٰ     ٰ ( 59: 22).

 

Allah has witnessed, so have the angels and those of knowledge, that there is no other god except Him, and that He is maintaining (Hi creation) with justice. There is no other god except Him, the Exalted in Might, the Wise (Al-'Imran, 3: 18).  

 

Your god is Allah, with Whom there is no other god. He has encompassed all things in knowledge (Taha, 20: 98). 

He is Allah, with Whom there is no other god, Knower of the unseen and the witnessed. He is the Beneficent (Merciful to all His creation), the Merciful (to the believers) (Al-'Hashr, 59: 22).   

 

***

 

Moreover, the Holy Quran not only includes Gods proclamation of His existence and His Oneness but it also contains His reasoning with humans, telling them that there can be no other god beside Him, in heavens and the Earth. Otherwise, they would be corrupted (destroyed), as mentioned in verse 21: 22.

 

  ( 21: 22).

 

Had there been (in the heavens and earth) gods besides Allah, they both would have been corrupted (ruined). So exalted is Allah, Lord of the Throne, above what they describe (Al-Anbiya, 21: 22).  

 

 

Verses containing the proclamation that Muhammed is the Messenger of Allah

 

The word Messenger (Rasool) is mentioned 235 times, in 215 verses, in the Holy Quran. About 177 of these are in reference to Muhammed, pbbuh, as the Messenger of Allah, who received Gods final Message to humanity, as mentioned in the following examples:

 

ۚ ( 3: 144). 

ٰ ۗ ( 33: 40).

ٰ ۙ ( 47: 2).

ۚ ۖ ( 48: 29).

( 7: 158). 

 

Muhammad is not but a messenger (of God). (Other) messengers have passed on before him (Al-'Imran, 3: 144). 

 

Muhammad is not the father of (any) one of your men, but (he is) the Messenger of Allah, and the seal (last) of the prophets. And Allah is, of all things, Knowing (Al-A'hzab, 33: 40).  

And those who have believed (in God), have done righteous deeds, and believed in what has been sent down upon Muhammad - and it is the truth from their Lord - He will remove from them their misdeeds and amend their condition (Muhammed, 47: 2). 

 

The Messenger of Allah, Muhammed, and those with him, are forceful against the disbelievers, merciful among themselves (Al-Fat'h, 48: 29). 

Say, (O Muhammed): "O mankind, indeed, I am the Messenger of Allah to you all (Al-A'araf, 7: 158). 

 

 

Continuity of Gods Messages of Guidance to Humanity

 

The Islamic proclamation of faith confirms the continuity of Gods guidance to humanity, as represented by the Messages He sent through His Messengers, from Adam to Muhammed, peace be upon all of them.

 

As such, it gives peace of mind to the believers that they are not here by accident and they are not left lonely on this small planet, in Gods vast Universe. Thus, the proclamation of faith gives a profound meaning to the other ways of worship, as it puts them in the context of observing the Commands of the Creator, praise to Him. Performed properly, the ways of worship, contained in the Holy Quran, lead to happiness in this lower life and in the Hereafter.   

 

Out of His love and care, Allah, the Merciful and the Compassionate Creator, has completed His messages of guidance to humanity by sending His final Message, through His final Messenger, Muhammed, pbbuh. We do not know the number of Gods Messengers and Prophets, or their names, except for the twenty-five, who are mentioned in the Holy Quran. However, there are some Hadiths about this subject but the Hadith scholars concluded that these are weak, or even fabricated. [5]

 

Verses 4: 164-165 tell us that there are others who were not mentioned in Gods Book. Like the ones who were mentioned, they were sent with Gods messages to guide people, give them glad tidings, and warn them against wrong-doing. So, people dont have an excuse when they meet their Creator, for accountability, in the Hereafter.

 

  ٰ ( 4: 164).  

  ( 4: 165).  

 

And (We sent) messengers about whom We have related (their stories) to you before, and messengers about whom We have not related to you. And Allah spoke to Moses with (direct) speech (Al-Nissa, 4: 164).   

 

(We sent) messengers as bringers of good tidings and warners, so that mankind will have no argument against Allah after the messengers. And ever is Allah Exalted in Might and Wise (Al-Nissa, 4: 165).  

 

***

Further, the Holy Quran tells us that Allah, praise to Him, sent Messengers and Prophets to guide people wherever they lived on Earth and confirmed that He wont punish a nation without sending them His guidance and His warning first, as mentioned in verses 35: 24, 16: 36, and 17: 15.

 

( 35:24).

ۖ  ( 16: 36).

ٰ ( 17: 15).

 

And there was no nation but that there had passed within it a warner (Fatir, 35: 24).

And We certainly sent into every nation a messenger (saying), "Worship Allah and avoid idol worship" (Al-Nahl, 16: 36).

And We would never punish until We sent a messenger (Al-Issra, 17: 15).

 

 

Messengers of Allah, Prophets, and their followers are all Muslims 

 

There are 21 verses in the Holy Quran, which refer to previous Messengers of Allah, Prophets, and their followers as Muslims (those who submit their will to God). The objective is to confirm that Islam is Gods message of guidance to humanity, which was revealed in different times, through different messengers, as we learn from the verses 3: 19, 3: 67, 3: 52, and 2: 133. [6] 

 

( 3: 19).

 

Indeed, the religion in the sight of Allah is Islam (submission to God) (Al-Imran, 3: 19). 

 

ٰ  ( 3: 67). 

 

Ibrahim (Abraham) was neither a Jew nor a Christian, but he was one inclining toward truth, a Muslim (submitting to Allah). And he was not of the polytheists (Al-Imran, 3: 67). 

 

ٰ ٰ ٰ  ( 2: 133). 

 

Or were you witnesses when death approached Yaqoob (Jacob), when he said to his sons: "What will you worship after me?" They said, "We will worship your God and the God of your fathers, Ibrahim, Ismail, and Isshaq - One God. And we are Muslims (in submission) to Him" (Al-Baqara, 2: 133). 

 

ٰ ۖ  ( 3: 52). 

 

But when Eissa (Jesus) felt (persistence in) disbelief from them, he said, "Who are my supporters for (the cause of) Allah?" The disciples said, "We are supporters for Allah. We have believed in Allah, and (you Jesus) bear witness that we are Muslims (submitting to Him) (Al-Imran, 3: 52).

 

 

The Difference Between Prophets and Messengers of Allah

 

The Holy Quran verses mentioned two categories of people who received communication from Allah, by inspiration, to tell it to people. Twenty-five of them were mentioned directly by name, including twelve Messengers and thirteen Prophets, who are different from each other in two major ways. [7] 

 

First, a Messenger was a man who received inspiration and a new message from Allah, praise to Him, to tell it to the people. However, a Prophet was a man who received inspiration and a message from Allah to preach, educate, and remind people of a message sent to a previous Messenger.    

 

In verse 3:19 (above), Allah, praise to Him, has stated that all His messages to humanity constitute one religion, Islam. In verse 5: 3, He further stated that He completed the religion of Islam to humanity, with the revelation of the Holy Quran. Thus, there is no need for any more messengers, as He promised, in verse 15: 9, that He would to preserve His final message intact.  

 

ۚ ( 5: 3).

 

This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion (Al-Ma-ida, 5: 3).

 

( 15: 9).

 

Indeed, it is We, who sent down the Quran and indeed, We will be preserving it (Al-Hijr, 15: 9).

 

Thus, Muhammed, pbbuh, was the last of Gods Messengers. He was also described as the last of the Prophets, in verse 33: 40. So, there will be no need for prophets to preach, educate, and teach people about Gods Book, like what Prophets did after Moussa (Moses), peace be upon him, as we are told by Verse 5: 44. This job will be maintained by the scholars, who are mentioned in verse 3: 18 (above) with high regards, directly after mentioning Allah and the angels.

 

ٰ ۗ ( 33: 40).  

 

Muhammad was not the father of (any) one of your men, but (he was) the Messenger of Allah and last of the prophets (Al-A'hzab, 33: 40).   

 

  ( 5: 44). 

 

We sent down the Torah, in which (there) was guidance and light. The prophets who submitted (themselves to Allah; were Muslims) judged by it (Al-Ma-ida, 5: 44).   

 

The second major difference between Prophets and Messengers of God is that messengers were supported with physical miracles, to help them convince people that they were Messengers of Allah. Examples of these miracles were Nooh's Arch, Salih's she-camel, rescuing Ibrahim from the fire, Moussa's stick (staff), 'Eissa's healing, and revealing the Holy Quran to Muhammed. Moreover, the messages they told people included prophecies about future events, which would reinforce peoples faith when they happen.

 

Prophets were supported by their ability to prophesize, telling about future events. As people saw these prophecies come true, they listened more attentively to the teachings of the prophets about Gods previous messages.

 

Because Messengers of God also brought prophecies, part of the new messages revealed to them, they were both messengers and prophets. However, prophets were not messengers in the sense that they were not given new messages to tell people about. Thus, a messenger was also a prophet, but a prophet was not a messenger.

 

 

Miracles Given to Prophet Muhammed, pbbuh, and his Prophecies

 

Allah, praise to Him, supported His Messenger, Muhammed, pbbuh, with the greatest miracle, the Holy Quran, the verses of which represent clear scientific facts people discover century after century. These are pieces of evidence that this Book is the Word of God, which does not contain any falsehood (41: 42), as demonstrated in Part I and other Parts of this book, particularly in the third and fourth chapters. The Holy Quran is the greatest miracle because it is continuous in its existence intact, without any changes, it is Gods Message to the whole of humanity, across time. Other miracles, which God supported His Messengers with, aimed at influencing a particular group of people, who were alive at the time of the miracle incidence. Thus, such miracles did not target the whole of humanity, as the Holy Quran does.

 

Another miracle, Allah supported His Messenger with, was the Night Journey and Ascent to Heavens (Al-Issra Wal Miraj), which is the topic of Chapter 23 of this book. Allah, praise to Him, wanted to show His Messenger some signs of His capabilities. So, He had him flown from Makkah to Al-Quds (Jerusalem) and from there to the seven heavens, accompanied by the angel Jibril, peace be to him, and even beyond heavens. Then, He had him returned to his bed in Makkah, all that in a short time, during the last part of the night. People at that time, and for centuries, could not understand the feasibility of such journey and such ascent. However, both issues are perfectly understood, at our present time. Its now known that the distance between Makkah and Al-Quds (Jerusalem) can be flown in few minutes, using fast aircrafts, particularly the military planes which fly several times the sound speed. We have also been able to send space ships and devices to explore other planets in our solar system, and even beyond it. Thus, the Prophets Journey and Ascent was a prophecy about human aviation on Earth and in outer space, which is another piece of scientific evidence that the Holy Quran is Gods Message to humanity. [8] 

 

In addition, Allah, praise to Him, supported His Prophet, pbbuh, with many prophecies about future events, some of which were mentioned in the Holy Quran, and came true in few years, as reinforcement to the believers faith, and glad tidings for them. An example was the prophecy of the Roman victory over Persians after few years from the Roman defeat, which was revealed in verse 30: 2-4. [9] Among the Quran prophecies, which has not been achieved yet, is the return of Jesus, the Son of Mary, peace be to him. This prophecy was revealed in verse 4: 159, which mentions that when he returns to Earth, all people of the Book, including Jews and Christians (together with Muslims), will believe in him, as the Messiah. Then, he dies. [10] 

 

Moreover, in his Hadiths (sayings), the Prophet, pbbuh, told his Companions many prophecies about future events. Some of these prophecies have already come true and others are still to be seen in the future. Here are some examples of such Hadith prophecies.

 

First, in one prophecy, the Prophet, pbbuh, told his Companions that Muslims would defeat the two dominant powers at that time, the Roman Byzantine and Persian empires. This in fact came true just few years after the Prophets death, when Muslims defeated the Romans in Al-Yarmouk battle, in 15 Hijriya (636 AD). Then, they defeated the Persians, in the battle of Al-Qadissiya, in the same year. These two victories resulted in that most people, who were ruled by the two empires, became Muslims. Here is the text of the Hadith:

 

The Companion Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him (mAbpwh), said that the Messenger of Allah, pbbuh, said:

 

When Kisra (the Persian Emperor) is dead, there will be no other Kisra after him, and when Kaisar (the Roman Emperor) is dead, there will be no other Kaisar after him. By God, you are going to spend their treasures in the way that pleases God (Recorded by Sahih Al-Bukhari). [11]

 

Second, he prophesied that the (poor Bedouin Arab) barefooted sheep herders are going to build the highest buildings. They did in our time, Khalifa Tower, in Dubai, UAE (The complete Hadith was mentioned in Chapter 2, Three Levels of Faith). [12

 

Third, in a Hadith narrated by Companion Abu Hurayrah, mAbpwh, the Prophet, pbbuh, mentioned six prophecies. He said:

 

The Hour will not come until the (religious) scholarship disappears, earthquakes increase, time is shortened, upheavals emerge, killing increases, and wealth increases among you until it exceeds the need (Narrated by Al-Bukhari, 1036).

 

Five of these prophecies have come true but the first one (disappearance of Islamic scholars) has not happened yet. Actually, we are blessed with abundance of scholars, their writings, and their audio-visual contributions, as well as works of scholars from previous centuries. This has been made possible by the availability of the world-wide internet. The other five prophecies have been achieved at our time. There have been a lot of earthquakes; travel time has been shortened, as a result of our fast mediums of transportation; there have been many upheavals, particularly in the Muslim countries; there has been a lot of killing, as a result of many wars; and wealth of nations has increased tremendously, reaching trillions of dollars, which is unprecedented in human history. This was made possible in some Muslim countries as a result of the oil wealth, and in the world as a whole, as a result of issuing currencies without the gold back up, selling and buying money as a commodity, and the ability of banks to increase their capital by a variety of ways, such as making profits on selling loan contracts, before even receiving interest on such loans. [13]

 

Fourth, in a Hadith narrated by Companion Abu Hurayrah, mAbpwh, the Prophet, pbbuh, mentioned a  prophecy about Arabia. He said:

                                                                                             

The Hour will not come until Arabia will again have rivers and grasslands (Narrated by Muslim, 1681).

 

Actually, this Hadith includes a newly discovered fact that current Arabian desert was once a lush paradise of rivers, grass, and woodlands, watered by torrential monsoon rains, about 23,000 years ago. NASA photos taken from space have shown the valleys of these rivers and the geological investigations have shown evidence of such vegetation. The prophecy will be achieved when the climate cycle of torrential monsoon rains comes back, as argued by geologists, or even before that by human intervention. We are now capable of pumping up the abundant underground water to turn the desert into gardens. We are also capable of desalinating the sea water and pumping it to huge pipelines, like rivers, which may turn the Arabian desert into green and grassland. [14]

 

Fifth, among the most important prophecies, which have not happened yet, are the ten big signs, which should take place before the coming of the Hour (before the start of the Last Day). These are included in the following three Hadiths. [15]

 

Companion Abu Said Al-Khudri, mAbpwh, said the Messenger of Allah, pbbuh, said:

 

The Guided (Al-Mahdi) is one of my descendants. He will have a broad forehead and a hump nose (a little high in the middle). He will fill the Earth with justice, after a period of injustice and oppression. And he will rule for seven years (Narrated by Abu Dawood, 4285, and was considered a correct Hadith by Al-Albani, 6736).

The importance of Al-Mahdis appearance is that it is an immediate precursor to the appearance of the fake messiah (the Anti-Christ), which will prompt the descent of the true Messiah (Eissa, Jesus, the Son of Mary) from Heavens. Then, Jesus will fight the fake messiah and kill him. The following Hadith lists the ten big signs (prophecies):

Companion Hudhayfa Bin Aseed Al-Ghafari, mAbpwh, said that the Prophet, pbbuh, asked a group of his companions about the topic of their discussion. They said they were talking about the Hour. He said:

 

It will not happen until you see ten signs happening before it. Then, he mentioned the smoke, the fake messiah, the beast, the sun rising from the west, descent of Eissa (Jesus) peace be to him, Yajooj and Majooj (Gog and Magog), three eclipses in the east, west, and Arabia. Finally, a fire coming out from Yemen, which drives people (north) to their gathering place (Narrated by Muslim, 2901).

 

Finally, Companion Al-Nawwas Bin Saman, mAbpwh, narrated a long Hadith about the descent of Essa (Jesus, the Messiah), peace be to him, from Heavens. The Hadith mentions the place he descends to (Syria) and the time of his descent (during Al-Mahdis rule). He will pray with Muslims in Baytul Maqdis (Jerusalem). He will fight the fake messiah (the anti-Christ) and kill him. Then, he will rule by the Islamic law, before his death (Narrated by Muslim, 2937). [16]

 

Conclusion

 

The Islamic proclamation of faith is the first of the five pillars of the Islamic faith structure. It gives peace of mind to the worshippers that they are not here by accident and they are not left lonely on Earth. Allah, the Merciful and Compassionate Creator, out of His love and care, has completed His messages of guidance to humanity by sending His Final Message through His final Messenger, Muhammed, peace and blessings be upon him. 

 

The first part of the proclamation represents recognition of the oneness of God, the Creator of the Universe, the Merciful of His creation. It also represents an acceptance of His Messages and His Messengers.

 

The second part of the proclamation recognizes Muhammed, pbbuh, as the final of Gods Messengers and Prophets. It also represents acceptance of the Holy Quran, as Gods Message, which was revealed to humanity through him.

Thus, the proclamation of faith gives a profound meaning to the other ways of worship. It puts them in the context of obedience to the Creator, Allah, praise to Him, by observing His commands. This maximizes the benefits people get from performing the various ways of worship. The end outcome for people is that they live happily in this life and gain His everlasting reward of living in Paradise forever, in the hereafter. 

The study of and contemplation about the Holy Quran and Hadith prophecies reinforce the faith of the believers, as it provides them with assurance that they are on the right path of happiness, here and in the hereafter.

 

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Notes:  

 

[1] More information about the benefits of performing these four ways of worship can be found in Chapter 8 of in this book: "The Relationship Between the Spiritual and the Physical Aspects of Islamic Teachings." 

 

[2] For information about Allah (God) and who He is, see Chapter 16, Allah, As He Described Himself in the Holy Quran.

For information about Gods final Messenger to humanity, see Chapter 22, "Muhammed in the Holy Quran," and Chapter 23, "Prophet Muhammed's Night Journey and Ascent to Heavens, Al-Issra Wal Mi'raj." 

 

[3] See Chapter 3, "The Scientific Evidence That God Exists and the Holy Quran Is His Message to Humanity, and Chapter 4, Creation and Evolution in the Holy Quran

 

[4] Gods oneness is mentioned 37 times in 36 verses, in the Holy Quran. The proclamation that there is no other god than (except) He is mentioned in 30 verses. These are 2: 163, 2: 255, 3: 2, 3: 6, 3: 18 (twice), 4: 87, 6: 102, 6: 106, 7: 158, 9: 31, 9: 129, 11: 14, 13: 30, 20: 8, 20: 98, 23: 116, 27: 26, 28: 70, 28: 88, 35: 3, 39: 6, 40: 3, 40: 62, 40: 65, 44: 8, 59: 22, 95: 23, 64: 13, and 73: 9.

 

In addition, there are two verses in which the proclamation states that there is no other god than (except) Allah (37: 35, 47: 19). The proclamation that there is no other god than (except) Me is mentioned three times (16: 2, 20: 14, and 21: 25). Gods oneness is also mentioned once, by Younus (Jonah), peace be to him (21: 87), and once by the Pharaoh (10: 90), when it was too late for him to acknowledge it.

 

[5] In his interpretation of verse 4: 164, Ibn Katheer discussed the Hadiths mentioning the number of Gods Messengers and Prophets, particularly the one in which it was mentioned that there were 124,000 Prophets and 313 Messengers. He reviewed opinions of the Hadith scholars, all of whom concluded that it was a weak, and even a fabricated Hadith. The same conclusion was reached concerning other Hadiths, which mentioned numbers of Prophets and Messengers. See more discussions about the topic at:

 

https://islamqa.info/ar/answers/95747/------

 

The following verses mention the names of the twenty-five messengers and prophet, including the five major messengers, known as the Ones with Power (Ulul 'Azm): Nooh, Ibrahim, Moussa, Eissa, and Muhammed, peace and blessings of Allah be upon all of them.  

 

.

 

Thus, the twenty-five Messengers and Prophets, mentioned in the Holy Quran are Adam, Idris (Enokh, Akhnokh), Nooh (Noah), Hood, Salih, Ibrahim (Abraham), Loot (Lot), Issmail, Isshaq (Isaac), Yaqoob (Jacob), Yousuf (Joseph), Ayoob (Job), Shyayb, Moussa (Moses), Haroon (Aaron), Dawood (David), Sulayman (Solomon), Elyas (Elias or Elijah), Elyasa (Elisha), Younus (Johah), Dhul Kifl, Zakariya (Zacharia), Yahya (John), Eissa (Jesus), and Muhammed, peace and blessings of Allah be upon them all.

 

Note: The above list of Gods Messengers and Prophets is based on the Arabic text of the Holy Quran, with the biblical names in parentheses. However, four of them are without biblical names because there is no agreement on them being mentioned in the Bible. These are Hood, Salih, Shuayb, and Dhul Kifl. However, some authors identified them as Eber, Salah (Shelah), Jethro, and Ezekeil, respectively, but without evidence.  

 

Eighteen Prophets and Messengers were mentioned by name in Verses 83-86 of Surat Al-An'am (Chapter 6) of the Holy Quran, as follows:  

 

ٰ     ﴿٨٣  

      ٰ  ٰ ﴿٨٤ 

ٰ ٰ   ﴿٨٥ 

  ﴿٨٦ ( 6: 83-86). 

 

And that was Our (conclusive) argument which We gave Ibrahim (Abraham) against his people. We raise by degrees whom We will. Indeed, your Lord is Wise and Knowing. (83)   

 

And We gave (to Ibrahim), Isshaq (Isaac) and Yaqoob (Jacob) - both We guided. And Nooh (Noah), We guided before; and among his descendants, Dawood (David), Sulayman

 

(Solomon), Ayoob (Job), Yousuf (Joseph), Moussa (Moses), and Haroon (Aaron). Thus, We do reward the doers of good. (84)   

 

And Zakariya (Zachariah), Yahya (John), Eissa (Jesus) and Elyas (Elias, Elijah) - all were of the righteous. (85)   

 

And Issmail (Ishmael), Elyassa (Elisha), Younus (Jonah), and Loot (Lot) - and all (of them) We preferred over the worlds. (86) (Al-An'am, 6: 84-86).  

 

The remaining seven Messengers and Prophets were Dhul Kifl (Ezekiel), Hood (Heber), Idrees (Enoch), Salih (Methuselah), Shu'ayb (Jethro), Adam, and Muhammed, peace and blessings of Allah be upon all of them. They were mentioned in the following verses:  

 

   ( 21: 85).  

 

And (mention) Ismail, Idrees, and Dhul-Kifl; all were of the patient (Al-Anbiya, 21: 85).  

 

ٰ  ( 7: 85).  

 

And to (the people of) Madyan, (We sent) their brother Shu'ayb (Al-A'araf, 7: 85).  

 

   (   11: 89).   

 

And O my people, let not (your) dissension from me cause you to be struck by that similar to what struck the people of Nooh or the people of Hood or the people of Salih. And the people of Loot are not from you far away (Hood, 11: 89).  

 

ٰ  ( 3: 33).   

 

Allah chose Adam, Nooh, the family of Ibrahim, and the family of 'Imran over the worlds (Al-'Imran, 3: 33). 

 

 ( 3: 144). 

 

Muhammed is not but a messenger, (other) messengers have passed on before him (Al-'Imran, 3: 144). 

 

 [6] There are 21 verses in the Holy Quran, which refer to previous Prophets, Messengers of Allah, and their followers as Muslims (those who submit their will to God). These are 2: 128, 2: 132, 2: 133; 2: 136, 3: 19, 3: 52, 3: 67, 3: 84, 5: 111, 6: 163, 7: 126, 10: 72, 10: 84, 10: 90, 12: 101, 27: 31, 27: 38, 27: 42, 28: 53; 51: 36; 72: 14.

 

[7]  The Holy Quran verses mention twelve Messengers of Allah and thirteen of His Prophets, by name. Here are the verses mentioning the twelve Messengers, using the infinitive verb /arsala/ (to send a messenger) or the noun /rasool/ (messenger):

 

1. We had certainly sent Nooh (Noah) (as a messenger) to his people (Al-Araf, 7: 59; Hood, 11: 25).

 

ٰ ( 7: 59 11: 25).        

 

2. When their brother Hood said to them, "Will you not fear Allah? (124) Indeed, I am to you a trustworthy messenger (125) (Al-Shuara, 26: 124-125).

 

﴿١٢٤﴾ ﴿١٢٥﴾ ( 26: 124-125).

 

3. When their brother Salih said to them, "Will you not fear Allah? (124) Indeed, I am to you a trustworthy messenger (125) (Al-Shuara, 26: 124-125).

 

﴿١٤٢﴾ ﴿١٤٣﴾ ( 26: 142).

 

4. And We have already sent Nooh (Noah) and Ibrahim (Abraham) and placed in their descendants prophethood and scripture; and among them is he who is guided, but many of them are defiantly disobedient

 

ۖ ۖ ( 57: 26).

 

5. And indeed, Loot (Lot) was among the messengers (Al-Saffat, 37: 133).

 

( 37: 133).

 

6. And mention in the Book, Issmail (Ishmael). Indeed, he was true to his promise, and he was a messenger and a prophet (Maryam, 19: 54).

 

ۚ ( 19: 54).

 

7. And Moossa (Moses) said, "O Pharaoh, I am a messenger from the Lord of the worlds (Al-Araf, 7: 104).

 

ٰ ( 7: 104).

 

8. Go both (Moossa and Haroon, Moses and Aaron) to Pharaoh and say, 'We are a messenger of the Lord of the worlds (Al-Shuara, 26: 16).

 

( 26: 16).

 

So go both to him (Pharaoh) and say, 'Indeed, we both are two messengers of your Lord. So, send with us the Children of Israel, and do not torment them (Ta Ha, 20: 47).

 

ۖ ( 20: 47).

 

In verse 26: 16, both Moossa and Haroon (Moses and Aaron) were presented as one Messenger of Allah. However, in verse 20: 47, they were presented as two Messengers of Allah. Thus, the meaning is that they were two Messengers carrying one message, asking the Pharaoh to allow the Israelites to leave Egypt. Actually, Allah chose Moossa to be His Messenger but he asked his Lord to send Haroon with him because he was more eloquent.

 

9. And indeed, Elyas (Elijah) was from among the messengers (Al-Saffat, 37: 123).

 

( 37: 123).

 

10. And indeed, Yoonus (Jonah) was from among the messengers (Al-Saffat, 37: 139).

 

( 37: 139).

 

11. The Messiah, Eissa (Jesus), the son of Mary, was but a messenger of Allah (Al-Nissa, 4: 171).

 

( 4: 171).

 

12. Muhammed was not the father of (any) one of your men, but (he is) the messenger of Allah and last of the prophets (Al-Ahzab, 33: 40).

 

ٰ ۗ ( 33: 40).

***

Adam and Dawood (David), peace be to them, were unique, among Prophets, in that Allah sent them Words and Psalms, to be recited in His praise, and for them to ask for His forgiveness and His support.

 

Then Adam received from his Lord Words, and He accepted his repentance (Al-Baqara, 2: 37).    

 

ٰ ۚ ( 2: 37).

 

and to Dawood (David) We gave (the book of) Psalms (Al-Issra, 17: 55).

 

( 17: 55).

 

The five Determined Messengers of Allah were mentioned in the following two verses:

 

So, be patient (O Muhammad), as were those of determination among the messengers (Al-Ahqaf, 46: 35).

 

( 46: 35).

 

He has ordained for you of the religion what He enjoined upon Nooh (Noah), and that which We have revealed to you (O Muhammed), and what We enjoined upon Ibrahim (Abraham), Moosa (Moses), and Eissa (Jesus) (Al-Shura, 42: 13).

 

ٰ ٰ ٰ ۖ  ( 42: 13).

 

[8] The calculated flying distance from Makkah (Mecca) to Al-Quds (Jerusalem) is equal to 769 miles and the current fastest human air craft (NASA X-43) has a speed of 6,598 miles per hour. This means that the distance between Makkah and Al-Quds can be traveled in less than seven minutes (exactly 6 minutes and 54 seconds). This is the current human capability, let alone the future progress, and not to mention the divine capability of God, Who assigned the one-with-power, Jibril (Gabriels), peace to him, for that job.

 

https://militarymachine.com/fastest-military-jets/

 

The calculated flying distance from Makkah to Jerusalem is equal to 769 miles.

 

https://www.distancecalculator.net/from-mecca-to-jerusalem

 

For information about the possible speed of human space travel, see:

 

http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20150809-how-fast-could-humans-travel-safely-through-space  

 

[9] When the Persians defeated the Romans in 614-615 AD, Muslims were sad, because Romans were closer to them in faith, as they were considered among People of the Book (Christians). Verses 30: 2-5 were revealed, giving glad tidings to the believers that the Romans would defeat the Persians in few (3-9) years. This Quran prophecy came true in about eight years, in 622-624 AD.

 

ٰ

﴿١﴾ ﴿٢﴾ ﴿٣﴾ ۗ ۚ ﴿٤﴾ ۚ ۖ ﴿٥﴾ ( 30: 1-5).

 

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

Alif, Lam, Meem (A, L, M, Arabic letters). (1) The Romans (Byzantines) have been defeated (2) In the lowest land. But they, after their defeat, will overcome. (3) Within some (three to nine) years. To Allah belongs the command, before and after. And on that day, the believers will rejoice, (4) for the victory of Allah. He gives victory to whom He wills, and He is the

Exalted in Might, the Merciful. (5) (Al-Room, 30: 1-5).

 

Moreover, verse 30: 2 described the location of the battles, in which the Romans were defeated, as the lowest land (lowest part of Earth), a term which was not correctly understood by Muslim scholars before the last few decades of the 19th Century. The battles took place on Al-Ghoar (low land) of Bilad Al-Sham (currently known as Syria, Jordan, and Palestine), where the Jordan River and the Dead Sea are located. Its a well-known fact now that this is the lowest area on Earth, as it is more than 400 meters below the sea level. Thus, this verse turned to be one of the scientific miracles of the Holy Quran, mentioned in the context of this prophecy.

 

See Zghlool Elnaggars interpretation of verses 30: 1-5, at the following link:

 

http://www.elnaggarzr.com/pg/51 /

 

See also: Holland, Cecilia. 2018. Heraclius Brings Persia to Its Knees. History Net, in which the author mentioned the Quran verse and the year the Romans were defeated by the Persians, i.e. 614.

 

http://www.historynet.com/heraclius-brings-persia-knees.htm

 

[10] Among the prophecies which have not been reached yet is about the return of Jesus, which is revealed in verse 4: 159:

 

" ۖ " ( 4: 159).

 

And all the People of the Scripture will surely believe in him (Jesus) before his death. And on the Day of Resurrection, he will be a witness against them (Al-Nissa, 4: 159).

Word by word translation:

 

And there is none from the People of the Scripture but that he will surely believe in Jesus before his death. And on the Day of Resurrection he will be against them a witness (Al-Nissa, 4: 159).

 

The Holy Quran tells us, in verse4: 157, that Jesus, peace be to him, did not die, in his first mission on Earth, as Allah lifted him to heavens. Hell be there until he is commanded to descend to Earth for his second mission, during which all People of the Book (including Jews) will believe in him. Then, he will die upon completing that second mission (This also was the interpretation of Al-Hassan, Al-Dhahak, and Said Bin Jubair, as narrated by Al-Tabari).

 

ٰ ۚ ۚ ۚ ( 4: 157).

 

And their saying, "Indeed, we have killed the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, the messenger of Allah." And they did not kill him, nor did they crucify him; but (another) was made to resemble him to them. And indeed, those who differ over it are in doubt about it. They have no knowledge of it, except the following of assumption. And they did not kill him, for certain (Al-Nissa, 4: 157).

 

[11]  The Arabic text of the Hadith, about the end of the Roman and Persian empires, is as follows:

 

: " " ( ). 

 

[12] The Arabic text of the Hadith, about sheep herders building the highest buildings, is as follows:

 

: ǿ :  

" " ( ). 

 

[13] The Arabic text of the Hadith, which includes the six prophecies, is as follows:

 

: : " ( ) " ( 1036).

 

[14] The Arabic text of the Hadith, which includes the prophecy about Arabias rivers and grasslands, is as follows:

 

: " ...   " ( 1681).

 

For details about Arabias past lush paradise of rivers, grass, and woodlands, watered by torrential monsoon rains, see:

Parton, Ash et al. 2015. Alluvial fan records from southeast Arabia reveal multiple windows for human dispersal. Geology, 43 (4): 295-298.

 

https://pubs.geoscienceworld.org/gsa/geology/article-abstract/43/4/295/131827/alluvial-fan-records-from-southeast-arabia-reveal?redirectedFrom=fulltext

 

See Marshalls article, in which he summarized Partons main findings about Arabias rivers and grasslands, 23,000 years ago:

 

 Marshall, Michael. 2015. Arabia was once a lush paradise of grass and woodlands. BBC (February 23).

 

http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20150223-arabia-was-once-a-lush-paradise

 

See also an explanation, in Arabic, for the Hadith about Arabias past rivers and vegetation, by Zaghlool El-Naggar, at:  

 

http://www.elnaggarzr.com/pg/483/%20%20%20.html

 

[15] The three prophecy Hadiths were mentioned and explained in the following three articles. The first article is written by Muhammed Bin Abdul Salam, in Arabic, titled The Prophets Prophecies are True (2013), which can be accessed on the following link:

 

https://www.alukah.net/sharia/0/50918/

 

See also "Prophecies of the Prophet, pbbuh, at:

 

http://www.alsiraj.net/prophecy/html/page00.html

 

See also "Prophecies of the Nobel Prophet, pbbuh, (2008), at:

 

https://rasoulallah.net/ar/articles/article/3864

 

See also the book, written about the subject, by Abdul Sattar Al-Shaikh, in four volumes (2064 pages), titled as Prophecies of the Messenger, pbbuh: Lessons and Parables, which was issued by the Qatari Ministry of Endowment and Islamic Affairs, in 1433 Hijriya, 2012. 

 

" : "  (1433\2012) .

 

https://www.moswrat.com/books_view_27593.html

 

[16] The Arabic texts of the first two Hadiths are as follows:

 

: : " " ( 4285 6736).

 

: ѡ : " " : . : " . : . " ( (2901).

 

The long Hadith, narrated by Al-Nawwas Bin Saman, is the first in Part 370 of the paper copy of Riyadh Al-Saliheen by Imam Al-Nawawi, numbered as 1805 (Published by Dar Al-Arabiya, Beirut, Lebanon). It is also followed by 11 more Hadiths, numbered 1806-1816, all of which provide more information about the return of Eissa (Jesus), peace be to him, and the fake messiah.

 

These twelve Hadiths can also be accessed on pages 485-490 of the Arabic cyber version of Riyadh Al-Saliheen, numbered as 1808-1819, at the following link:

 

http://ia801409.us.archive.org/4/items/rsnawwy/rs.pdf

 

There are also many English translations of Riyadh Al-Saliheen, the mentioned 12 Hadiths can be found at the beginning of Book number 19 (The Book of Miscellaneous ahadith of Significant Values),  Hadiths numbers 1808-1819 , at the following link:

 

https://sunnah.com/riyadussaliheen

 

================================================================================================================================

 

 

About the Author and the Book:

 

* The author of this book has a Ph.D. in Sociology and a Masters degree in Cultural Anthropology. He was born in Gaza, Palestine in 1369 Hijriya (1950) but he has been living in the United States since 1986.
 

The authentic Quran Arabic text is used as a reference for the translation of the meanings of the Quran verses, particularly from www.tanzil.net
.

 

The works of the three renowned Islamic scholars Al-Tabari, Al-Qurtubi, and Ibn Katheer, have been used throughout the chapters of this book, as these are the most credited interpretations of the Holy Quran, for their use of 'Hadith, companions' interpretations, and their thorough knowledge of the Arabic language.

 

 ( 61: 8).  

 

They want to extinguish the light of Allah with their mouths, but Allah will perfect His light, although the disbelievers dislike it (Al-Saff, 61: 8).

 

 

Opinions expressed in various sections are the sole responsibility of their authors and they may not represent Al-Jazeerah's.

editor@aljazeerah.info