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Islam: God's Message of Guidance to Humanity

 

By Hassan Ali El-Najjar

 

Table of Contents

 

I. Introduction: Basic Information

 

1. Islam: A Brief Introduction

 

2. Three Levels of Faith: Islam, Iman, and Ihsan 

 

3. The Scientific Evidence That God Exists and the Holy Qur'an Is His Message to Humanity 

 

4. Creation and Evolution in the Holy Qur'an

 

5. Humans, As God's Caliphs on Earth

 

6. Adam's Contest With the Angels, and Getting Out of Paradise


7.
Worshippers By Choice Or Forced Slaves?  

 

8. The Relationship Between the Spiritual and the Physical Aspects of Islamic Teachings  

 

9. Mind, Self, Soul, Spirit, and Happiness from an Islamic Perspective 

 

10. Heart-Mind Relationship in the Holy Quran  

 

II. Islam: The Five Pillars of the Faith Structure

 

1. Islamic Proclamation of Faith

 

2. Performing Islamic Prayers

 

3. Giving Zakah (Charity)

 

4. Fasting and Ramadhan, Great Gifts from Allah to Muslims

 

5. Haj, Pilgrimage, the Fifth Pillar of Islam

 

III. Iman: Allah, His Angels, Messengers, Messages, Latter Day, and Qadar

 

1. Allah, As He Described Himself in the Holy Quran 

 

2. Angels

 

3. Noo'h, Noah, in the Holy Quran  

 

4. Ibrahim, Abraham, in the Holy Quran

 

5. Moussa, Moses, in the Holy Quran

 

6. 'Eissa, Jesus Christ, in the Holy Quran  

 

7. Muhammed in the Holy Quran

 

8. Prophet Muhammed's Night Journey and Ascent to Heavens, Al-Issra Wal Mi'raj

 

9. The Last Day, The Hour, Resurrection, Reckoning, and Judgment

 

10. God's Precise Measurement and His Just Decree, Al-Qadar Wal Qadha

 

IV. I'hsan: Watching Allah in Speech and Deeds

 

1. Introduction to Islamic Law, Shari'a, Part I, Prohibition, Don't Do, and Do Commands in the Holy Quran

 

2. The No (La) Commands

 

3. The Imperative Commands 

 

***

 

Articles with Islamic Perspective:

 

Health Care Crisis in the US: An Islamic Perspective

 

"Terrorism" & "Islamo-Fascism" Propaganda Campaigns: An Interactive Lecture

 

Six Questions About Islam, Muslims and Jews

 

Five Islamic Issues: Predestination and choice, position toward other religions, angels, and the End of Days

Food Islamic Rules and Teachings
 

 

Are Muslim women second-class citizens  

 

The French Ban on Islamic Headscarf, an Interview with

 

Links to Islamic Topics 2007-2010

 

Links to Islamic Topics 2007

 

Links to Islamic topics 2006

 

Links to Islamic topics 2005

 

Links to Islamic topics 2004

 

Links to Islamic topics, 2003

 

2002 Links to Islamic topics

 

 

 

 

Islam:

God's Message of Guidance to Humanity

 

II.1

 

Islamic Proclamation of Faith

 

By Hassan Ali El-Najjar

 

7th of Mu'harram, 1436, 31st of October, 2014

 

Updated on the 10th of Rajab, 1438 - 6th of April, 2017

 

 

***

 

 

 

 

1436 - 2014

 

1438 - 2017

 

***

 

I seek refuge with Allah from the Stoned Shaytan

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

 

 

 

Introduction

 

The proclamation of faith is the first of the five pillars of the Islamic faith structure, followed by performing the five daily prayers, giving Zakat (charity), fasting the month of Ramadhan, and making the pilgrimage (Haj) to the First House of Allah on Earth, Al-Ka'aba, in Makkah.

 

Overall, these ways of worshipping Allah, praise to Him, are beneficial to the worshippers, their families, their communities, and the world as a whole. [1] However, the proclamation of faith directs the ways of worship towards pleasing God, in order to gain His blessings in this life and in the Hereafter.

  

In order to be a Muslim, a person has to believe in and announce the Proclamation of Faith, which states:

 

" ."

 

"I bear witness that there is no other god than (except) Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammed is the Messenger of Allah." 

 

The importance of this proclamation of faith is in that a person acknowledges the existence of Allah (God), praise to Him, as the Creator of the Universe, and acknowledges that Muhammed, peace and blessings be upon him (pbbuh) is the Messenger of Allah. [2]  

 

Thus, the proclamation of faith means that a person accepts the Message of Allah revealed to humanity through His Messenger, Muhammed (pbbuh), as expressed in the in the Holy Quran and the Sunna.

 

For those who are seeking for the truth, reading the Holy Quran will be their guide towards knowing that Allah (God) exists and the Holy Quran is His Message of Guidance to humanity. [3]  

 

To investigate the Proclamation of Faith further, this Chapter is divided into the following six sections.

 

 

Verses proclaiming that there is no other god than (except) Allah

 

There are many verses in the Holy Quran which proclaim that there is no other god than (except) Allah, praise to Him. Here are some of them:

 

 

ٰ ۚ ٰ   ( 3: 18).

 

ٰ ٰ    ( 20: 89).

 

   ( 21: 22).

 

ٰ     ٰ ﴿٢٢

 

ٰ  ۚ ﴿٢٣

 

  ٰ   ۖ ﴿٢٤  ( 59: 22-24).

 

 

Allah has witnessed, so have the angels and those of knowledge, that there is no other god except Him, and that He is maintaining (Hi creation) with justice. There is no other god except Him, the Exalted in Might, the Wise (Al-'Imran, 3: 18).

 

Your god is Allah, with Whom there is no other god. He has encompassed all things in knowledge (Taha, 20: 98).

 

Had there been (in the heavens and earth) gods besides Allah, they both would have been corrupted (ruined). So exalted is Allah, Lord of the Throne, above what they describe (Al-Anbiya, 21: 22).

 

He is Allah, with Whom there is no other god, Knower of the unseen and the witnessed. He is the Beneficent (Merciful to all His creation), the Merciful (to the believers). (22)

 

He is Allah, with Whom there is no other god, the King (Sovereign), the Holy, the Peace, the Dominant, the Exalted in Might, the Compeller, the Superior. Exalted is Allah above whatever they associate with Him. (23)  

 

He is Allah, the Creator, the Originator, the Fashioner; to Him belong the Good Names. Whatever is in the heavens and the Earth exalts (praises) Him. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise. (24) (Al-'Hashr, 59: 22-24).  

 

 

Verses proclaiming that Muhammed is the Messenger of Allah

 

There are also many verses in the Holy Quran which proclaim that Muhammed, pbbuh, is the Messenger of Allah. Here are some of them:

 

 

 ( 7: 158).

 

ٰ    ۖ  ٰ  ( 4: 166).

 

ٰ ۗ   ( 33: 40)

 

  ( 3: 144).

 

    ( 48: 29).

 

ٰ     ( 42: 2).

 

 

Say, (O Muhammed): "O mankind, indeed, I am the Messenger of Allah to you all (Al-A'araf, 7: 158).

 

But Allah bears witness to that which He has revealed to you. He has sent it down with His knowledge, and the angels bear witness (as well). And sufficient is Allah as a Witness (Al-Nissa, 4: 166).

 

Muhammad is not the father of (any) one of your men, but (he is) the Messenger of Allah, and the seal (last) of the prophets. And Allah is, of all things, Knowing (Al-A'hzab, 33: 40). 

 

Muhammad is not but a messenger (of God). (Other) messengers have passed on before him (Al-'Imran, 3: 144).

 

The Messenger of Allah, Muhammed, and those with him, are forceful against the disbelievers, merciful among themselves (Al-Fat'h, 48: 29).

 

And those who have believed (in God), have done righteous deeds, and believed in what has been sent down upon Muhammad - and it is the truth from their Lord - He will remove from them their misdeeds and amend their condition (Muhammed, 47: 2).

 

 

The Proclamation of Faith Confirms the Continuity of Gods Guidance to Humanity Through His Messengers, From Adam to Muhammed 

 

The Islamic proclamation of faith is the first article of faith. It gives peace of mind to the worshippers that they are not here by accident and they are not left lonely on Earth. Allah, the Merciful and Compassionate Creator, out of His love and care, has completed His messages of guidance to humanity by sending His final Message through His final Messenger, Muhammed, peace and blessings be upon him. 

 

Thus, the proclamation of faith gives a profound meaning to the other ways of worship. It puts them in the context of pleasing the Creator, Allah, praise to Him, by observing His commands, as revealed in the Holy Quran, in order to live happily in this life and gain His everlasting reward of living in Paradise in the Hereafter.  

 

The Holy Quran is different from the Torah, the Old Testament, in that it focuses on the teachings, not on the details and names of Prophets and Messengers.  

 

Thus, while only twenty-five messengers and prophets are mentioned in the Holy Quran, we are told that there are others who are not mentioned.

 

 

  ٰ ﴿١٦٤﴾  

 

    ( 4: 164-165). 

 

 

And (We sent) messengers about whom We have related (their stories) to you before, and messengers about whom We have not related to you. And Allah spoke to Moses with (direct) speech. (164)  

 

(We sent) messengers as bringers of good tidings and warners, so that mankind will have no argument against Allah after the messengers. And ever is Allah Exalted in Might and Wise (Al-Nissa, 4: 164-165). 

 

In a Hadith narrated by Abu Dhar, may Allah be pleased with him, the Messenger of Allah, pbbuh, said that there were about 120,000 Prophets of Allah, teaching his messages to people.  

 

The following verses mention the names of the twenty-five messengers and prophet, including the five major messengers, known as the Ones with Power (Ulul 'Azm): Nooh, Ibrahim, Moussa, Eissa, and Muhammed, peace and blessings of Allah be upon all of them. 

 

Eighteen Prophets and Messengers were mentioned by name in Verses 83-86 of Surat Al-Ana'am (Chapter 6) of the Holy Quran: 

 

 

ٰ     ﴿٨٣ 

 

      ٰ  ٰ ﴿٨٤ 

 

ٰ ٰ   ﴿٨٥ 

 

   ( 6: 83-86).  

 

And that was Our (conclusive) argument which We gave Ibrahim (Abraham) against his people. We raise by degrees whom We will. Indeed, your Lord is Wise and Knowing. (83)  

 

And We gave (to Ibrahim), Isshaq and Yaaqoob (Isaac and Jacob) - both We guided. And Nooh (Noah), We guided before; and among his descendants, Dawood (David), Sulayman (Solomon), Ayoob (Job), Yousuf (Joseph), Moussa (Moses, and Haroon (Aaron). Thus do We reward the doers of good. (84)  

 

And Zakariya (Zechariah), Yahya (John), Eissa (Jesus) and Elyas (Elias, Elijah) - all were of the righteous. (85)  

 

And Issmail (Ishmael), Elyassa (Elisha), Younus (Jonah), and Loot (Lot) - and all (of them) We preferred over the worlds. (86) (Al-Ana'am, 6: 84-86). 

 

 

The remaining seven Messengers and Prophets were Dhul Kifl (Ezekiel), Hood (Heber), Idrees (Enoch), Salih (Methuselah), Shu'ayb (Jethro), Adam, and Muhammed, peace and blessings of Allah be upon all of them. They were mentioned in the following verses:

 

    ( 21: 85). 

 

And (mention) Ismail, Idrees, and Dhul-Kifl; all were of the patient (Al-Anbiya, 21: 85). 

 

ٰ   ( 7: 85). 

 

And to (the people of) Madyan, (We sent) their brother Shu'ayb (Al-A'araf, 7: 85). 

 

    (   11: 89).  

 

And O my people, let not (your) dissension from me cause you to be struck by that similar to what struck the people of Nooh or the people of Hood or the people of Salih. And the people of Loot are not from you far away (Hood, 11: 89). 

 

ٰ   ( 3: 33).  

 

Allah chose Adam, Nooh, the family of Ibrahim, and the family of 'Imran over the worlds (Al-'Imran, 3: 33). 

 

  ( 3: 144). 

 

Muhammed is not but a messenger, (other) messengers have passed on before him (Al-'Imran, 3: 144). 

 

 

Prophets and Messengers of Allah are described as Muslims 

 

Prophets and Messengers of Allah, before Muhammed, were described in the Holy Quran as Muslims (those who submit their will to God). The objective is to confirm that Islam is Gods message of guidance to humanity, which was revealed in different times, through different messengers, as we learn from the following verses:

 

  ( 3: 19).

Indeed, the religion in the sight of Allah is Islam (Al-Imran, 3: 19).

 

ٰ   ( 3: 67).

 

Ibrahim (Abraham) was neither a Jew nor a Christian, but he was one inclining toward truth, a Muslim (submitting to Allah). And he was not of the polytheists (Al-Imran, 3: 67).

 

ٰ ٰ ٰ   ( 2: 133).

 

Or were you witnesses when death approached Yaaqoob (Jacob), when he said to his sons: "What will you worship after me?" They said, "We will worship your God and the God of your fathers, Ibrahim, Ismail, and Isshaq - One God. And we are Muslims (in submission) to Him" (Al-Baqara, 2: 133).

 

ٰ ۖ   ( 52).

 

But when Eissa (Jesus) felt (persistence in) disbelief from them, he said, "Who are my supporters for (the cause of) Allah?" The disciples said, "We are supporters for Allah. We have believed in Allah, and (you Jesus) bear witness that we are Muslims (submitting to Him) (Al-Imran, 3: 52).

 

 

The Difference Between Prophets and Messengers of Allah

 

First, a messenger was a man who received a message from Allah, praise to Him, to tell it to the people. However, a prophet was a man who received inspiration from Allah to guide him in preaching a message of a previous Messenger.   

 

Thus, both received revelation, inspiration, and messages from Allah. However, while all messengers of Allah were prophets, not all prophets were Messengers.  

 

Allah, praise to Him, describes in Verse 40 of Surat Al-A'hzab (Chapter 33) of the Holy Quran that Muhammed, pbbuh, was the Messenger of Allah and the last of the Prophets. This means that there will be no more prophets explaining his message, as it will be preserved intact, in the form of the Holy Quran. 

 

ٰ ۗ   ( 33: 40).  

 

Muhammad is not the father of (any) one of your men, but (he is) the Messenger of Allah and last of the prophets. And Allah is, of all things, Knowing (Al-A'hzab, 33: 40).  

 

We also read the same meaning in Verse 44 of Surat Al-Ma-ida (Chapter 5) of the Holy Quran, which states that the Prophets after Moussa (Moses), peace be upon him, judged in people's affairs guided by his Message, the Torah. 

 

   ( 5: 44). 

 

We sent down the Torah, in which (there) was guidance and light. The prophets who submitted (themselves to Allah; were Muslims) judged by it (Al-Ma-ida, 5: 44).  

 

Second, Messengers were supported with physical miracles, to help them convince people that they were Messengers of Allah (Nooh's Arch, Ibrahim's fire, Moussa's stick, 'Eissa's healing, and Muhammed's Holy Quran). 

 

Prophets were supported by their ability to prophesize, telling about future events. As people see these prophecies come true, they listen to the teachings of the prophets.

 

 

Examples of the Prophet's Prophecies [4]

 

Prophet Muhammed, pbbuh, told his companions about many future prophecies. Some of them have already happened. Others are still waiting to happen. Here are just three of them:  

 

First, the Prophet, pbbuh, prophesied that Muslims were going to defeat the two rival empires of their time, the Roman and the Persian empires. They did. 

 

:

 

" " ( ).

 

 

Second, he prophesied that the (Bedouin Arab) goat herders are going to build the highest buildings. They did in our time, Khalifa Tower, in Dubai, UAE (The complete Hadith was mentioned in Chapter I.2, Three Levels of Faith).  

 

: ǿ :

 

" " ( ).

 

.

 

Third, the Prophet, pbbuh, prophesied that there will always be Muslims who follow Gods commands, without regard to those who betray them or differ with them.

 

:

 

" " ( ).

 

 

Conclusion

 

The Islamic proclamation of faith is the first of the five pillars of the Islamic faith structure. It gives peace of mind to the worshippers that they are not here by accident and they are not left lonely on Earth. Allah, the Merciful and Compassionate Creator, out of His love and care, has completed His messages of guidance to humanity by sending His Final Message through His final Messenger, Muhammed, peace and blessings be upon him.

 

Thus, the proclamation of faith gives a profound meaning to the other ways of worship. It puts them in the context of obedience to the Creator, Allah, praise to Him, by observing His commands, as revealed in the Holy Quran, in order to live happily in this life and gain His everlasting reward of living in Paradise forever, in the Hereafter.

 

=========================================================================================================================

 

Notes: 

 

More information can be found in the following chapters, in this book:

 

[1] Read more about that in Chapter I.8, "The Relationship Between the Spiritual and the Physical Aspects of Islamic Teachings."

 

[2] See also Chapter  III.1     ",Allah, As He Described Himself in the Holy Quran"

 

Chapter III.7, "Muhammed in the Holy Quran ."

 

and Chapter III.8, "Prophet Muhammed's Night Journey and Ascent to Heavens, Al-Issra Wal Mi'raj ."

 

[3] See also Chapter I.3, "The Scientific Evidence That God Exists and the Holy Quran Is His Message to Humanity "

 

and  Chapter I.4, "    ".Creation and Evolution in the Holy Quran

 

[4] There are many books and articles about the prophecies of Prophet Muhammed, pbbuh, one of these books was authored by Abdul Sattar Al-Shaikh, in four volumes, in Arabic:

 

" : " . 

 

================================================================================================================================

 

 

About the Author and the Book:

 

* The author of this book has a Ph.D. in Sociology and a Masters degree in Cultural Anthropology. He was born in Gaza, Palestine in 1369 Hijriya (1950) but he has been living in the United States since 1986.
 

This work is solely devoted for the sake of Allah, to educate people about Islam, in response to a great demand to know about the final message of God to humanity.
 
The authentic Quran Arabic text is used as a reference for the translation of the meanings of the Quran verses, particularly from www.tanzil.net
.

 

The works of the three renowned Islamic scholars Al-Tabari, Al-Qurtubi, and Ibn Katheer, have been used throughout the chapters of this book, as these are the most credited interpretations of the Holy Quran, for their use of 'Hadith, companions' interpretations, and their thorough knowledge of the Arabic language.
 
May Allah, praise to Him, enlighten the hearts and minds of all who read this book, and guide them to the right path.
 
May Allah, praise to Him, accept this effort, as a contribution to spreading His light among the people of this Earth.

 

 ( 61: 8).  

 

They want to extinguish the light of Allah with their mouths, but Allah will perfect His light, although the disbelievers dislike it (Al-Saff, 61: 8).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Opinions expressed in various sections are the sole responsibility of their authors and they may not represent Al-Jazeerah's.

editor@aljazeerah.info