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Islam: God's Message of Guidance to Humanity

 

By Hassan Ali El-Najjar

 

Table of Contents

 

I. Introduction: Basic Information

 

1. Islam: A Brief Introduction

 

2. Three Levels of Faith: Islam, Iman, and Ihsan 

 

3. The Scientific Evidence That God Exists and the Holy Qur'an Is His Message to Humanity 

 

4. Creation and Evolution in the Holy Qur'an

 

5. Humans, As God's Caliphs on Earth

 

6. Adam's Contest With the Angels, and Getting Out of Paradise


7. Worshippers By Choice Or Forced Slaves?  

 

8. The Relationship Between the Spiritual and the Physical Aspects of Islamic Teachings  

 

9. Mind, Self, Soul, Spirit, and Happiness from an Islamic Perspective 

 

10. Heart-Mind Relationship in the Holy Qur'an  

 

II. Islam: The Five Pillars of the Faith Structure

 

1. Islamic Proclamation of Faith

 

2. Performing Islamic Prayers

 

3. Giving Zakah (Charity)

 

4. Fasting and Ramadhan, Great Gifts from Allah to Muslims

 

5. Haj, Pilgrimage, the Fifth Pillar of Islam

 

III. Iman: Allah, His Angels, Messengers, Messages, Latter Day, and Qadar

 

1. Allah, As He Described Himself in the Holy Quran 

 

2. Angels

 

3. Noo'h, Noah, in the Holy Quran  

 

4. Ibrahim, Abraham, in the Holy Quran

 

5. Moussa, Moses, in the Holy Quran

 

6. 'Eissa, Jesus Christ, in the Holy Quran  

 

7. Muhammed in the Holy Quran

 

8. Prophet Muhammed's Night Journey and Ascent to Heavens, Al-Issra Wal Mi'raj

 

9. The Last Day, The Hour, Resurrection, Reckoning, and Judgment

 

10. God's Precise Measurement and His Just Decree, Al-Qadar Wal Qadha

 

IV. I'hsan: Watching Allah in Speech and Deeds

 

1. Introduction to Islamic Law, Shari'a, Part I, Prohibition, Don't Do, and Do Commands in the Holy Quran

 

2. The La (No) Commands

 

3. The Imperative Commands 

 

 ***

 

Articles with Islamic Perspective:

 

Health Care Crisis in the US: An Islamic Perspective

 

"Terrorism" & "Islamo-Fascism" Propaganda Campaigns: An Interactive Lecture

 

Six Questions About Islam, Muslims and Jews

 

Five Islamic Issues: Predestination and choice, position toward other religions, angels, and the End of Days

Food Islamic Rules and Teachings  

Are Muslim women second-class citizens  

 

The French Ban on Islamic Headscarf, an Interview with

 

Links to Islamic Topics 2007-2010

 

Links to Islamic Topics 2007

 

Links to Islamic topics 2006

 

Links to Islamic topics 2005

 

Links to Islamic topics 2004

 

Links to Islamic topics, 2003  

 

2002 Links to Islamic topics

 

 

Islam:

God's Message of Guidance to Humanity

 

Noo'h (Noah), the Ark Builder

 

Peace be upon him

 

in the Holy Quran

 

By Hassan Ali El-Najjar

 

27th of Rajab, 1434 - 6th of June, 2013

 

Updated on 19th of Sha'ban, 1438 - 15th of May, 2017

 

***

 

 

 

 

 

 

1434 - 1434

 

1438 - 2017

 

 

***

 

 

I seek refuge with God from the Stoned Shaytan

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

 

 

 

Introduction

 

As time passed after Adam, humans started to forget the Message of Guidance from Allah to them, about how they can live happily in this life and be rewarded in the Hereafter, until they almost forgot it completely.

 

They even worshipped statues of good men who died a long time before them. These were Wad, Suwa', Yaghouth, Ya'ouq, and Nassr. Some scholars say that these were Adam's children.

 

 ( 71: 23).

 

And they said, 'Never leave your gods and never leave Wad or Suwa' or Yaghouth and Ya'ouq, and Nassr (Noo'h, 71: 23).

 

Allah, praise to Him, sent Noo'h (Noah), peace and blessings be upon him (pbbuh), to guide them to the right path. He told them to worship Allah, instead of the helpless statues which they make.

 

The poor and the powerless believed and accepted the Message but the powerful ones rejected the message and ridiculed the Messenger (Noo'h), despised the believers, and even challenged him to bring God's punishment which he was threatening them with, if they insisted on rejecting the Message.

 

Noo'h lived 950 years among them. So, he preached God's Message to them for a long time. However, the number of the believers stayed small while the number of the disbelievers was increasing.

 

Allah, praise to Him, revealed to Noo'h that the believers would not increase anymore. The disbelievers continued to reject the Message and ridicule the Messenger. Then, Noo'h asked Allah to destroy the disbelievers.

 

Allah, praise to Him, decided to drown them in a flood of water resulting from continuous raining and overflow of underground springs.

 

To save Noo'h and the believers, as well as the animals they domesticated, Allah, praise to Him, ordered Noo'h to build the ship (the Ark), which he and the believers did, with help from Allah and His Angels.

 

Whenever the disbelievers passed by him, they would ridicule him for building a ship in an area which was far away from rivers, lakes, or seas.

 

Allah told Noo'h about a sign, when he sees it he should embark on the ship together with the believers. That was when the fireplace in his home would be overflown with water, falling from the sky and coming out from underground. This meant that people could no longer make fire, necessary for food, washing, and other usages.

 

When Noo'h saw the sign, he embarked on the ship together with the believers, and their animals, with help from angels. However, Noo'h's wife and one of his sons refused to embark because they were disbelievers.

 

Noo'h didn't know that his son was a disbeliever, whicht was why he asked Allah to save him but Allah, praise to Him, told Noo'h that his son was not a good person. Therefore, he was left to drown on top of a mountain that he took refuge on.

 

The ship floated, saving the believers and their animals while the disbelievers drowned.

 

Then, Allah praise to Him, ordered the sky to stop raining and the land to swallow its water, thus allowing the ship to settle on top of the Mountain Judiy, which is believed to be in northern Iraq, according to some interpreters.

 

The believers and their animals disembarked the ship and started their new community.

 

The story of Noo'h's people is very educational to humanity. It's about worshipping Allah, praise to Him, by being good to ourselves, to each-other, and to the environment. Otherwise, it's easy for Him to punish the disbelievers and replace them with kind-hearted believers.

 

In its educational purposes, it's similar to the stories of other Messengers of God, namely Hood, Saleh, Loot, Moussa, and 'Eissa, Jesus Christ, peace be upon all of them, who were sent with God's Message to their people. When the disbelievers and aggressors of their time insisted on their arrogance and corruption, God destroyed them.

 

This Chapter provides the story of Noo'h, pbbuh, as it was related through the verses of the Holy Quran, with special attention to the flood location and the animals which were saved from drowning.

 

 

The Flood Location

 

Some scholars believe that the area where the Noo'h's people lived was in Mosul, northern Iraq, where the Mountain Judiy is located (Al-Mass'oudi was one these scholars). Whether the flood covered that area only or the whole Earth is an interesting issue for students of the Holy Quran.

 

There is evidence from verses of the Holy Quran in support of the idea that the flood was limited to the area that Noo'h, pbbuh, and his people lived in. However, some scholars believe that it covered the whole Earth. In this belief, they are following the Biblical scholars who wrote about the topic.

 

In their argument, they use two hints. The first is the translation of the Arabic word () /ardh/ to mean "Earth." The second is the mentioning of pairs of animals, which embarked on the ship, in addition to the believers.

 

Concerning the word () /ardh/, it was mentioned in verses 11:44 and 71:26, part of telling the story of Noo'h, pbbuh.

 

All of the thirteen translators of the Holy Quran, whose translations are posted on the www.tanzil.net website, translated Verse 11:44 as "earth," instead of "land," as follows:

 

 

 ( 11: 44).

 

And it was said, "O ardh (Land or earth), swallow your water (Hood, 11: 44).

 

 

But three (Ahmed Reza Khan, Pickthall, and Shakir) of the thirteen translations of the Holy Quran, whose translations are posted also on the www.tanzil.net website, translated Verse 71:26 as "land," while ten of them translated it as "earth,"  as follows:

 

 

  ( 71: 26).

 

And Noah said, "My Lord, do not leave upon the ardh (Land or earth) from among the disbelievers an inhabitant (Noo'h, 71: 26).

 

Before going to these verses, it's important to mention the fact that Allah, praise to Him, the Just and the Merciful, does not punish innocent people. If there were other human population groups, in other areas around the world, they never saw Noo'h, or heard about him. Allah, the Just and the Merciful, would not cause them to drown and suffer just because He wanted to punish the disobedient people of Noo'h, in a village in northern Iraq. Therefore, from a moral divine standpoint, the flood could not have been allowed to cover the whole Earth, thus killing all other humans, animals, and birds in other areas of the world, just to punish a small group of people.

 

It is true that the word () /ardh/ may mean planet Earth, particularly when it is preceded by the definite article "Al" (the), as in () "Al-Ardh."  

 

However, the same Arabic word / ardh /, which is / aret or aretz / in Hebrew, means ground, land, territory, or country, in addition to (Planet) Earth, depending on the context. Thus, it cannot be translated as (Planet) "Earth" in all contexts.

 

For example, in the following verses, the word /ardh/ means land or a specific territory, the Egyptian Sinai Desert in Surat Al-Maeda (5: 26) and the country of Egypt in Surat Al-Qassas (28: 4).

 

Only five of the thirteen translators of the Holy Quran, whose translations are posted on the www.tanzil.net website, expressed this meaning of "land" (Yusuf Ali, Hilali & Khan, Sahih International, Serwar, and Shakir), the other eight translated it as "earth" in Verse 5: 26, as follows:

 

ۛ ۛ ۚ   ( 5: 26).  

 

(Allah) said, "Then indeed, it is forbidden to them for forty years (in which) they wander throughout the ardh (land or territory of Sinai). So, do not grieve over the defiantly disobedient people" (Al-Ma-ida, 5: 26). 

 

However, ten of the thirteen translators of the Holy Quran, whose translations are posted on the www.tanzil.net website, expressed this meaning of "land" (country) while only three of them (Reza Khan, Daribalidi, and Picthall) translated it as "earth" in Verse 28: 4, as follows:

 

ۚ  ( 28: 4). 

 

Indeed, Pharaoh exalted himself in the ardh (land of Egypt) and made its people into factions, oppressing a sector among them, slaughtering their (newborn) sons and keeping their females alive. Indeed, he was of the corrupters (Al-Qasas, 28: 4).  

 

The most decisive evidence from the Holy Quran about the flood as a specific punishment for the people of Noo'h, not for the whole Earth, comes from verses 35-40 of Surat Al-Furqan (Chapter 25) of the Holy Quran, which tell us that they were punished just like other disbelievers in other specific times and other specific locations.

 

﴿٣٥

 

﴿٣٦

 

 ۖ ﴿٣٧

 

ٰ ﴿٣٨

 

 ۖ ﴿٣٩

 

 ۚ  ۚ ﴿٤٠ ( 25: 35-40). 

 

And indeed We gave Moussa (Moses) the Scripture (the Torah), and placed his brother Haroon (Aaron) with him as a helper (partner in responsibility); (35)

 

And We said: "Go you both to the people who have denied Our Ayat (pieces of evidences, verses,  or signs)." Then We destroyed them with utter destruction. (36)

 

And Noo'h's (Noah's) people, when they denied the Messengers, We drowned them, and We made them as a sign for humanity. And We have prepared a painful torment for the oppressors (wrong-doers). (37)

 

 And 'Aad, Thamoud, the dwellers of Al-Rass (pronounced as Ar-Rass), and many generations in between. (38)

 

And for each of them, We put forward examples, and each (of them) We brought to utter ruin (because of their disbelief and evil deeds). (39)

 

And indeed they (disbelievers) passed by the town (of Loot, Lot) on which was rained the destructive rain. Did they not then see it? They did! But they did not expect (believe in) resurrection. (40) (Al-Furqan, 25: 35-40).

 

Thus, the above verses show that the flood was limited to the territory of the people of Noo'h, not covering the whole planet of Earth, and Allah, praise to Him, knows better.

 

Concerning the second hint of embarking pairs of animals on the ship, in addition to the believers, it was mentioned in verse 11:40.

 

( 11 : 40).

 

We said, "Load upon the ship of each pair (two mates of males and females) and your family (of believers) (Hood, 11: 40).

 

Mentioning "pairs" of animals to be carried on the ship, together with the believers, may be a reference to their domesticated animals, which were necessary for their life after the flood.

 

The Holy Quran mentions the Middle Eastern domesticated animals and their benefits to people, in other contexts, as in verses 5-8 of Surat Al-Na'hl (Chapter 16) of the Holy Quran. 

 

ۗ ﴿٥

 

﴿٦

 

ٰ ۚ ﴿٧

 

ۚ ﴿٨ ( 16: 5-8).

 

And the grazing livestock (domesticated animals) He has created for you; in them is warmth and (numerous) benefits, and from them you eat. (5)

 

And for you in them is (the enjoyment of) beauty when you bring them in (for the evening) and when you send them out (o pasture in the morning). (6)

 

And they carry your loads to a land you could not have reached except with difficulty to yourselves. Indeed, your Lord is Kind and Merciful. (7)

 

And (He created) the horses, mules, and donkeys for you to ride and (as) adornment. And He creates that which you do not know. (8) (Al-Na'hl, 16: 5-8). 

 

Further, and more specifically, Allah, praise to Him, mentions pairs of domesticated animals, in another context, in verses 142-144 of Surat Al-An'am (Chapter 6) of the Holy Quran.   

 

ۚ ... ( 6: 142).

 

ۖ ... ( 6: 143).

 

...  ( 6: 142- 144). 

 

And of the grazing livestock are carriers and (others whose hides are used as) furniture. Eat of what Allah has provided for you ... (142)

 

(These are) eight mate-pairs: Of the sheep two and of the goats two ...  (143)

 

And of the camels two and of the cattle two ...  (144) (Al-An'am, 6: 142-144).

 

Thus, a logical interpretation of verse 11: 40 is that the words "each pair" refers to the above-mentioned four pairs of domestic animals, and Allah, praise to Him, knows better.

 

 

The Story of Noo'h (Noah)

 

The story of the Messenger of Allah, Noo'h, and his people, as summarized above, is mainly told in Surat Al-A'araf (7: 59-64), Surat Hood (11: 25-49), and Surat Al-Muminoon (23: 23-29), of the Holy Quran.

 

The story is summarized in verses 59-64 of Surat Al-A'araf (Chapter 7) of the Holy Quran, which can be considered as an introduction to the topic. Basically, Allah, praise to Him, sent Noo'h (Noah) as a messenger to his people, to stop worshipping statues of false gods and worship Allah, their Creator. They not only disbelieved him but also described him of being misguided. Then, they were punished by drowning them, while saving Noo'h and the believers with him, in the ship they were instructed to build.

 

 

ٰ

 

ٰ ٰ ﴿٥٩

 

﴿٦٠

 

ٰ ﴿٦١

 

﴿٦٢

 

ٰ ﴿٦٣

 

ۚ ﴿٦٤ ( 7: 59-64).

 

 

I seek refuge with God from the Stoned Shaytan

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful  

 

We had certainly sent Noo'h (Noah) to his people, and he said, "O my people! Worship Allah; you have no deity other than Him. Indeed, I fear for you the punishment of a tremendous Day. (59)

 

The eminent among his people said, "Indeed, we see you in clear misguidance." (60)

 

(Noo'h) said, "O my people, there is no misguidance in me, but I am a messenger from the Lord of the worlds." (61)

I convey to you the messages of my Lord, advise you; and I know from Allah what you do not know. (62)

 

Do you wonder that there has come to you a reminder from your Lord, through a man from among you, to warn you and, that you may become righteous, so you may receive mercy (from Allah)." (63)

 

But they disbelieve him. So, We saved him and those who were with him in the ship, and We drowned those who disbelieved in Our signs. Indeed, they were a blind people (who could not see the truth). (64) (Al-A'araf, 7: 59-64).

 

***

 

Verses 1-28 of Surat Noo'h (Chapter 71) of the Holy Quran describe in some detail how Noo'h tried hard to covey God's message to his people, in different ways. He warned them of God's punishment if they persisted in rejecting His messages to them. He also reminded them of the countless favors God has showered them with. However, they still persisted on their disbelief and arrogance. When Noo'h lost hope that they would believe, he supplicated to God to destroy them.

 

ٰ

 

ٰ ﴿١

 

﴿٢

 

﴿٣

 

ٰ ۚ ۖ ﴿٤

 

﴿٥

 

﴿٦

 

﴿٧ ( 71: 1- 7).

 

 I seek refuge with God from the Stoned Shaytan

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

 

Indeed, We sent Noo'h (Noah) to his people, (saying to him): "Warn your people before there comes to them a painful punishment." (1)

 

He said: "O my people, indeed, I am to you a clear warner, (2)

 

Worship Allah, be conscious of Him, and obey me. (3)

 

(If you do, He) will forgive you of your sins and delay (your reckoning) to a specified term. Indeed, the time (set by) Allah, when it comes, will not be delayed, if you only knew." (4)

 

He said: "My Lord, indeed, I invited my people (to Your messages) night and day. (5)

 

But my invitation increased them not except in flight (away from Your guidance). (6)

 

And indeed, every time I invited them that You may forgive them, they would put their fingers in their ears, covered themselves with their garments, persisted (in not listening to me), and were excessively arrogant (in their disbelief). (7) (Noo'h, 71: 1- 7). 

 

﴿٨

 

﴿٩

 

﴿١٠

 

﴿١١

 

﴿١٢

 

﴿١٣

 

﴿١٤﴾  ( 71: 8-14).

 

Then, I invited them loudly. (8)

 

Then, I announced to them (publicly), and (also) confided to them secretly (9)

 

I said (to them): "Ask forgiveness of your Lord. Indeed, He is ever a Perpetual Forgiver. (10)

 

He sends (rain from) the sky upon you in (continuing) showers (11)

 

And gives you increase in wealth and children and provide for you gardens and provide for you rivers. (12)

 

What is (the matter) with you, that you do not attribute to Allah (due) respect? (13)

 

While He has created you in stages. (14) (Noo'h, 71: 8-14).  

 

﴿١٥

 

﴿١٦

 

﴿١٧

 

﴿١٨

 

﴿١٩

 

﴿٢٠﴾  ( 71: 15- 20).

 

Do you not see (think about) how Allah has created seven heavens in layers (15)

 

And made the Moon therein a (reflector of) light, and made the Sun a (burning) lamp? (16)

 

And Allah has caused you to grow from the earth a (progressive) growth. (17)

 

Then, He returns you into it, and extract you (from it another) extraction. (18)

 

And Allah has made for you the earth an expanse (spread out) (19)

 

That you may follow therein roads of passage" (20(Noo'h, 71: 15-20).   

 

﴿٢١

 

﴿٢٢

 

﴿٢٣

 

ۖ ﴿٢٤

 

﴿٢٥

 

﴿٢٦

 

﴿٢٧

 

﴿٢٨﴾  ( 71: 21-28). 

 

Noo'h (Noah) said: "My Lord, indeed, they have disobeyed me and followed him whose wealth and children will not increase him except in loss." (21)

 

And they conspired an immense conspiracy. (22)

 

And said: "Never leave your gods. Never leave Wadd, Suwa', Yaghouth, Ya'ouq, and Nasr. (23)

 

And they have already misled many (people with their falsehood)." (So, my Lord), do not increase the wrongdoers except in error." (24)

 

Because of their sins, they were drowned (in this life) and (will be) put into the Fire (in the hereafter), and they will not find supporters to them, besides Allah. (25)

 

And Noo'h (Noah) said: "My Lord, do not leave upon the land (or the earth) from among the disbelievers an inhabitant. (26)

 

Indeed, if You leave them, they mislead Your worshippers, and do not beget except (every) wicked one and (confirmed) disbeliever. (27)

 

My Lord, forgive me, my parents, and whoever enters my house a believer. (Extend Your forgiveness to) the believing men and believing women. And do not increase the wrongdoers except in destruction." (28) (Noo'h, 71: 21-28).

 

*** 

Verses 25-49 of Surat Hood (Chapter 11) of the Holy Quran mention the main arguments and counter-arguments between Noo'h and the disbelievers, who finally challenged him to bring about God's punishment he kept warning them about. At that point, Allah, praise to Him told Noo'h to build the ship (the Ark), in which he and the believers will be saved with their animals. As he was building the ship, the disbelievers would be making fun of him for building a ship in an area away from any seas, rivers, or lakes. When he finished building it, Allah, praise to Him, ordered their territory to be flooded by continuous rainfall and continuous underground water flow. While Noo'h, pbbuh, and the believers were saved in the ship, the disbelievers drowned by the flood, which covered even their mountains. 

 

 

ٰ ﴿٢٥

 

ۖ ﴿٢٦

 

ٰ ﴿٢٧

 

ٰ ﴿٢٨

 

ۖ ۚ ۚ ٰ ﴿٢٩

 

ۚ ﴿٣٠

 

ۖ ۖ ﴿٣١﴾  ( 11: 25-31).

 

I seek refuge with God from the Stoned Shaytan

 

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful  

 

And We had sent Noo'h (Noah) to his people, (saying): "Indeed, I am to you a clear warner. (25)

 

That you do not worship except Allah. I fear for you the punishment of a painful day." (26)

 

The (powerful) eminent among those who disbelieved from his people said: "We do not see you but as a human like us, and we do not see you followed except by those who are the lowest of us, at first suggestion. And we do not see in you (and your followers) over us any merit. Rather, we think you are liars." (27)

 

He said, "O my people! Have you considered that I am upon clear evidence from my Lord, and (that) He has given me mercy from Himself. However, you have not been able to realize that. Should we force it upon you while you are averse to it? (28)

 

And O my people, I do not ask you for it (teaching you God's message) any wealth. My reward is not (from anybody) other than Allah. And I am not going to drive away those who have believed. Indeed, they will meet their Lord, but I see that you are a people behaving ignorantly. (29)

 

And O my people! Who would protect me from Allah if I drove them away? Do you not ponder? (30)

 

And I do not tell you that I have the treasuries (depositories of the provision) of Allah, or that I know the unseen, nor do I say that I am an angel, nor do I say of those upon whom your eyes look down that Allah will not grant them any good. Allah is most knowing of what is within their souls. Indeed, (if I do), I would then be among the wrongdoers." (31) (Hood, 11: 25-31). 

 

﴿٣٢

 

﴿٣٣

 

ۚ ﴿٣٤

 

ۖ ﴿٣٥

 

ٰ ﴿٣٦

 

ۚ ﴿٣٧

 

ۚ ﴿٣٨

 

﴿٣٩﴾  ( 11: 32-39).

 

They said: "O Noo'h (Noah), you have argued with us and been frequent in argument with us. So bring us (the punishment) you promised us, if you should be of the truthful." (32)

 

He said: "Only Allah will bring it to you if He wills, and you will not be able to stop (Him) (33)

 

(At that time), my advice will not benefit you, (even) if I wished to advise you. If Allah wanted to put you in error, He is your Lord, and to Him you will be returned." (34)

 

Or do they say (about Prophet Muhammad that), "He invented (the Holy Quran, including the story of Noo'h)"? Say, "If I have invented it, then upon me is (the consequence of) my crime; but I am innocent of what (crimes) you commit." (35)

 

And it was revealed to Noo'h (Noah) that, "No one will believe from your people except those who have already believed. So, do not be distressed by what they have been doing. (36)

 

And make (build) the ship (the Ark) with Our eyes (watching you) and Our inspiration (guiding you), and do not address Me concerning those who have wronged. They are to be drowned." (37)

 

And he constructed the ship (the Ark), and whenever an assembly of the powerful (eminent) of his people passed by him, they ridiculed him. He said: "If you ridicule us, then we will ridicule you, just as you ridicule. (38)

 

And you are going to know who will get a punishment that will disgrace him (in this life) and upon whom will descend an enduring punishment (in the Hereafter)" (39) (Hood, 11: 32-39). 

 

ٰ ۚ ﴿٤٠

 

ۚ ﴿٤١

 

ٰ ﴿٤٢

 

ٰ ۚ ۚ ﴿٤٣

 

ۖ ﴿٤٤

 

ٰ ﴿٤٥

 

ۖ ۖ ۖ ﴿٤٦

 

ۖ ﴿٤٧

 

ٰ ۚ ﴿٤٨

 

ۖ ٰ ۖ ۖ ﴿٤٩  ( 11: 40-49).  

 

(So it was), until when Our command came and (when) the oven overflowed, We said: "Load upon the ship of each two pairs and your family, except those about whom the word has preceded, and whoever has believed." But only a few had believed with him. (40)

 

And (Noo'h) said: "Embark in it. In the name of Allah is its course and its anchorage. Indeed, my Lord is Forgiving and Merciful." (41)

 

And it sailed with them through waves like mountains, and Noo'h (Noah) called his son, who was separated (from him), "O my son, come aboard with us, and do not be with the disbelievers." (42)

 

(But his son) said, "I will take refuge on a mountain to protect me from the water." (Noo'h) said, "There is no protector today from the decree of Allah, except for whom He gives mercy." And the waves came between them, and he was among the drowned. (43)

 

And it was said: "O land (earth), swallow your water, and O sky, withhold (your rain)." And the water subsided, and the matter was accomplished, and (the ship) rested on the (mountain of) Judiyy. And it was said: "Away with the wrongdoing people." (44)

 

And Noo'h called on his Lord and said: "My Lord, my son is of my family; and indeed, Your promise is true; and You are the most just of judges!" (45)

 

(Allah) said: "O Noo'h, indeed he is not of your family. He is (one whose) work was not righteous. So do not ask Me for that about which you have no knowledge. I advise you, not to be among the ignorant." (46)

 

(Noo'h) said: "My Lord, I seek refuge with You from asking that of which I have no knowledge. And unless You forgive me and have mercy upon me, I will be among the losers." (47)

 

It was said, "O Noo'h, disembark (from the ship) in peace from Us and blessings upon you and upon nations (descending) from those with you. But (to) other nations, We will grant enjoyment; then there will touch them from Us a painful punishment." (48)

 

That is from the news of the unseen, which We reveal to you, (O Muhammad). You did not know (about) it, neither you nor your people, before this. So, be patient, for the [best] outcome is for the righteous. (49) (Hood, 11: 40-49).

 

***

Finally, verses 23-29 of Surat Al-Muminoon (Chapter 23) of the Holy Quran summarize the morale of the Noo'h story. Allah, praise to Him, sent His messenger to bring his stray people to the right path. They disbelieved and ridiculed him, which triggered God's punishment to them. For Noo'h and the believers with him, they were saved from the flood by the ship, which prompted giving thanks to Allah, their savior and supporter.

 

 

 

ٰ ٰ ۖ ﴿٢٣

 

ٰ ٰ ﴿٢٤

 

ٰ ﴿٢٥

 

﴿٢٦

 

ۙ ۖ ۖ ﴿٢٧

 

﴿٢٨

 

﴿٢٩ ( 23: 23-29).

 

I seek refuge with God from the Stoned Shaytan

 

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

 

And We had sent Noo'h to his people, and he said: "O my people, worship Allah; you have no deity other than Him. Dou you not fear Him?" (23

 

But the eminent among those who disbelieved from his people said: "This is not but a human like yourselves, who wants to to make himself superior to you, and if Allah had willed (to send a messenger), He would have sent down angels. We have not heard of this among our forefathers. (24)

 

He is not but a man possessed with madness, so wait for a time (until he stops preaching)." (25)

 

(Noah) said: "My Lord, support me over what they have disbelieved me." (26)

 

So, We inspired to him: "Make (build) the ship with Our eyes (watching you), and Our inspiration (guiding you). When Our command comes, and the oven overflows, put into it from each pair (two mates) and your family, except those on whom the decree (of destruction) has proceeded. And do not address Me concerning those who have wronged. They are to be drowned. (27)

 

And when you have boarded the ship, you and those with you, then say: "Praise to Allah, Who has saved us from the wrongdoing people." (28)

 

And say: "My Lord, let me land at a blessed landing place, and You are the best to accommodate (us)." (29) (Al-Mu'minoon, 23: 23-29).

 

 

Other Verses Mentioning Noo'h in the Holy Quran

 

The following sixteen verses of the Holy Quran mention Noo'h, peace be upon him, as one of chosen messengers of Allah, praise to Him, who were sent to guide people to the right path. When they rejected God's messages and messengers, they were punished. Thus, the story of Noo'h is meant to be a lesson to people, to be righteous, and to worship Allah, their Creator. 

 

ٰ ﴿٣٣

 

  ۗ ﴿٣٤﴾  ( 3: 33-34).

 

 

Allah chose Adam, Noo'h (Noah), the family of Ibrahim (Abraham), and the family of 'Imran, over the worlds - (33)

 

Descendants, some of them are from others. And Allah is Hearing and Knowing. (34) (Al-'Imran, 3: 33-34).

 

ٰ ۚ  ( 4: 163).

 

We have revealed to you, (O Muhammad), as We revealed to Noo'h and the prophets after him (Al-Nissa, 4: 163).

 

ۚ ۚ ۖ   ( 6: 84).

 

And We gave to (Ibrahim), Iss'haq (Isaac) and Ya'aqoob (Jacob). We guided both, and We guided Noo'h before (Al-Ana'am, 6: 84).

 

   ( 7: 69).

 

And remember (O People of 'Aad) when He made you successors after the people of Noo'h (Al-A'araf, 7: 69).

 

  ( 9: 70).

 

Has there not reached them the news of those before them (particularly), the people of Noo'h, 'Aad, and Thamood? (Al-Tawba, 9: 70). 

 

﴿٧١

 

ۖ ۖ ﴿٧٢﴾  ( 10: 71-72).

 

And recite to them the news of Noo'h, when he said to his people: "O my people, if my residence and my reminding (you) of the signs of Allah has become burdensome upon you, then I have relied upon Allah. So, resolve upon your plan and (call upon) your associates. Then, let not your plan be obscure to you. Then, carry it out upon me, and do not give me respite. (71)

 

And if you turn away (from my advice), then no payment have I asked of you. My reward is only from Allah, and I have been commanded to be of the Muslims (of those who submit to God)." (72) (Younus, 10: 71-72).

 

ۚ   ( 11: 89).

 

(Shu'ayb said) And O my people! Let not (your) dissension from me cause you to be struck by that similar to what struck the people of Noo'h, or the people of Hood, or the people of Sali'h. And the people of Loot are not from you far away (Hood, 11: 89).

 

ۛ    ( 14: 9).

 

Has there not reached you the news of those before you - the people of Noo'h, 'Aad, Thamud, and those after them? (Ibrahim, 14: 9). 

 

﴿٢

 

ۚ ﴿٣﴾   ( 17: 2-3). 

 

And We gave Moses the Scripture and made it a guidance for the Children of Israel, that you do not take other than Me as Disposer of affairs, (2)

 

Descendants of those We carried (in the ship) with Noo'h. Indeed, he was a grateful worshipper (3) (Al-Issra, 17: 2-3). 

 

ٰ   ( 19: 58). 

 

Those were the ones upon whom Allah bestowed favor, from among the prophets, of the descendants of Adam, and of those We carried (in the ship) with Noo'h (Maryam, 19: 58). 

 

ٰ ﴿٧٦

 

ۚ ﴿٧٧﴾  ( 21: 76-77). 

 

And (mention) Noo'h, when he called (on Allah) before, so We responded to him (and saved him) and his family from the great disaster (the flood). (76)

 

 And We saved him from the people who denied Our signs. Indeed, they were a people of evil. So, We drowned them, all together (77) (Al-Anbiya, 21: 76-77). 

 

 ( 22: 42). 

 

And if they disbelieve you (O Muhammad), so did the people of Noo'h, 'Aad, and Thamood, before them (Al-Haj, 22: 42).

 

 

Conclusion

 

In its educational purposes, the story of Noo'h, peace be upon him, is similar to the stories of other Messengers of Allah,  such as Hood, Salih, Loot, Moussa, and 'Eissa, Jesus Christ, peace be upon all of them, who were sent with God's Message to the disbelievers and aggressors of their time. But when they insisted on their arrogance and corruption, God destroyed them.

 

The essence of the Message is for people to worship Allah, praise to Him, by being good to themselves, to each-other, and to the environment, instead of worshipping other people or the helpless statues, as in this case.

 

The poor and the powerless are usually quick in believing God's Messengers and in following their Message. However, the powerful ones are usually too arrogant to truly believe in God and His Message to humanity. Not only they reject the Message but they ridicule the Messenger and despise the believers. They even challenge God to bring His punishment upon them, which they get at the end, in this life and in the Hereafter, as stated in Verse 8 of Surat Al-Issra (Chapter 17) of the Holy Quran.

 

 

ٰ ۚ ۘ  ﴿ 17: 8

 

 

(Allah said), "It is expected, (if you repent), that your Lord will have mercy upon you. But if you return (to sin), We will return (to punishment). And We have made Hell, for the disbelievers, a contained destination" (Al-Issra, 17: 8).

 

 

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About the Author and the Book:

 

* The author of this book has a Ph.D. in Sociology and a Masters degree in Cultural Anthropology. He was born in Gaza, Palestine in 1369 Hijriya (1950) but he has been living in the United States since 1986.
 

This work is solely devoted for the sake of Allah, to educate people about Islam, in response to a great demand to know about the final message of God to humanity.
 
The authentic Quran Arabic text is used as a reference for the translation of the meanings of the Quran verses, particularly from www.tanzil.net
.

 

The works of the three renowned Islamic scholars Al-Tabari, Al-Qurtubi, and Ibn Katheer, have been used throughout the chapters of this book, as these are the most credited interpretations of the Holy Quran, for their use of 'Hadith, companions' interpretations, and their thorough knowledge of the Arabic language.
 
May Allah, praise to Him, enlighten the hearts and minds of all who read this book, and guide them to the right path.
 
May Allah, praise to Him, accept this effort, as a contribution to spreading His light among the people of this Earth.

 

 

  ( 61: 8).  

 

 

They want to extinguish the light of Allah with their mouths, but Allah will perfect His light, although the disbelievers dislike it (Al-Saff, 61: 8).

 

 

 

 

Opinions expressed in various sections are the sole responsibility of their authors and they may not represent Al-Jazeerah's.

editor@aljazeerah.info