Mission & Name
US Foreign Policy (Dr. El-Najjar's Articles)
Israeli Government Says No
to Obama, the Two-State Solution, and the
By Eduardo Brik
ccun.org, April 26, 2009
Israel, Obama and International Community
As the world looks
carefully and with hope the new American Administration’s policies regarding
the conflict, in Israel it is raising the belief that Obama can leave behind
the historical position of unconditional support to Israel. As a result,
Israeli politic is rejecting the new winds coming from America.
three denials of the Israeli government “no to
Obama”, “no to the Two-State Solution” and “no to the creation of a
Palestinian State” is not only a matter of fear and Israeli paranoia,
but an ideological position of the Prime Minister Mr. Benjamin Netanyahu and
his Foreign Affairs Minister Mr. Avigdor Lieberman.
As Israel is
castling itself in an hermetic position, the American President recently
required both sides to make all the efforts to achieve a lasting peace in
the Middle East. He addresses also that peace is impossible to reach without
the mutual recognition of Israel and Palestinian States.
same time, George Mitchell, United States Special Envoy for the Middle East,
arrives to the region in his third visit and assigns the responsible posts
for each issue. His aim is to rekindle the Peace process with Palestinian
and Israeli representatives based in the Road Map and the declaration made
at the beginning of Annapolis Conference.
It is remarkable George
Mitchell’s statement in 2001 report: “Israeli government must freeze all
settlement activity, including the 'natural growth' of existing
Is the first time Obama emphasizes the need to
acknowledge the independence aspirations of an occupied people who is
defending its identity and national independency right. Two States "is a
goal that the parties agreed to in the Road Map and at Annapolis" and that
it is "a goal that I will actively pursue as president", said Obama
Obama has risen to the new Israeli executive that the
necessary condition to progress in the peace process with Palestinians is
the Two-State Solution as an unavoidable aim to achieve.
government of Israel doesn’t seem willing to support this position, but the
contrary, it has retraced the peace process to its worst times of Israeli
intransigence. Annapolis peace negotiations in 2007 November, started by
Olmert and Abbas, resulted in a resounding failure due to Israeli
government’s irresponsibility, expressing in front of the public opinion a
“YES” to negotiate but in the practice blocking any possible initiative to
end the conflict.
Annapolis was a hope for both peoples, but today
the diplomatic situation and state of negotiations are much worse. Despite
the political situation different Israeli annalists consider that if
American pressure continues, at the end the actual government will give in;
Nevertheless, we’ll have to assess what kind of pressures will be the ones
that will actually be implemented and move forward the peace process.
Otherwise it will remain just as good intentions. Only a coordinated
international pressure would bring a shift towards peace.
The EU is
not far of this strategy of pressing Israel. In a meeting of EU diplomacy
celebrated last Friday in Check Republic, the EU representatives mentioned
the need of Tel Aviv making a public commitment with the “Two-state for two
peoples” principle. Otherwise, the good relations between EU and Israel
could be affected.
“At least 10 communiques from Israeli embassies
in Europe arrived at the Foreign Ministry in Jerusalem in recent days
painting a difficult picture of the level of trust felt in Europe towards
the Netanyahu government, particularly on diplomatic matters”, informs the
newspaper Haaretz in its digital version.
UN Secretary General Ban
Ki-Moon recently expressed to Netanyahu his hopes to work in cooperation
with the prime minister “to renew the peace process, in which the goal is to
create an independent, sustainable Palestinian state living in peace
It is worth highlighting the important
performance of the Spanish President, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, in the
conflict and his support to the Two-state solution. In the last
international meetings this stance has been reinforced by Obama, who
recognized Zapatero´s work “he take into account not only the extraordinary
influence of Spain in the world, but also takes his responsibility very
Equally, the diplomatic tour of the Spanish Foreign
Affairs Minister Miguel Ángel Moratinos in the Middle East (Ramallah,
Jerusalem and Cairo) interviewing with West Bank Palestinian authorities,
Israelis and Egyptians is a boost for the peace process. It is also an
effort to present EU position in relation to the Two-state solution, as the
main question in order to end the conflict.
possibility of reconciliation between Hamas and Fatah, up to date their
differences are insurmountable. In the meanwhile Fatah’s position is losing
credibility and strength day by day in the West Bank and Gaza as Hamas wins
support in both areas.
Hamas is to Israel synonymous of Iran,
therefore is not willing to negotiate with them. On the contrary, Obama has
given clear signals to meet Ayatollas government. This mean an openness of
his multilateral politic towards the existing forces in the region. The
matter of more disagreement with the Iranian regimen is its persistence to
continue nuclear energy development. Occident’s distrust concerning this
matter is due to its suspicion of Iran hiding a plan B of nuclear
rearmament, besides plan A presented to the International Community.
Last declarations made by the president of Iran point to a pacific use of
the nuclear energy and its attempt to integrate in the International
Community, seizing the opportunity favourable winds coming from Washington
and other states. American and European new policies with Iran can help the
Palestinian-Israeli peace process, as long as this country retires its
threat of nuclear rearmament and destruction of Israel. Iran’s executive
could be a main character of the peace process if it encourage Hamas to the
negotiation, instead of confrontation. In this case, Israel could not use
Iranian behaviour and its support to Hamas as an excuse to not negotiate.
Now it is urgent to call to an International Peace Conference to put
an end to the Palestinian-Israel Conflict. Obama’s administration and EU
role is a key factor, but not the only one, to achieve this goal. We also
need to acknowledge and foster the mobilization and political action of
Palestinian and Israel organizations working for peace in the region, Europe
and the rest of the world to advance in this process. Without their daily
work on the region the peace would be impossible.
Palestina Israel Por Lapaz, Espana