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Islam: God's Message of Guidance to Humanity

 

By Hassan Ali El-Najjar

 

Table of Contents

 

I. Introduction: Basic Information

 

1. Islam: A Brief Introduction

 

2. Three Levels of Faith: Islam, Iman, and I'hsan 

 

3. The Scientific Evidence That God Exists and the Holy Qur'an Is His Message to Humanity 

 

4. Creation and Evolution in the Holy Qur'an

 

5. Humans, As God's Caliphs on Earth

 

6. Adam's Contest With the Angels, and Getting Out of Paradise


7.
Worshippers By Choice Or Forced Slaves?  

 

8. The Relationship Between the Spiritual and the Physical Aspects of Islamic Teachings  

 

9. Mind, Self, Soul, Spirit, and Happiness from an Islamic Perspective 

 

10. Heart-Mind Relationship in the Holy Qur'an  

 

II. Islam: The Five Pillars of the Faith Structure

 

1. Islamic Proclamation of Faith

 

2. Performing Islamic Prayers

 

3. Giving Zakah (Charity)

 

4. Fasting and Ramadhan, Great Gifts from Allah to Muslims

 

5. Haj, Pilgrimage, the Fifth Pillar of Islam

 

III. Iman: Allah, His Angels, Messengers, Messages, Last Day, Qada and Qadar

 

1. Allah, As He Described Himself in the Holy Quran 

 

2. Angels

 

3. Noo'h, Noah, in the Holy Quran  

 

4. Ibrahim, Abraham, in the Holy Quran

 

5. Moussa, Moses, in the Holy Quran

 

6. 'Eissa, Jesus Christ, in the Holy Quran  

 

7. Muhammed in the Holy Quran

 

8. Prophet Muhammed's Night Journey and Ascent to Heavens, Al-Issra Wal Mi'raj

 

9. The Last Day, The Hour, Resurrection, Reckoning, and Judgment

 

10. God's Precise Measurement and His Just Decree, Al-Qadar Wal Qadha

 

IV. I'hsan: Watching Allah in Speech and Deeds

 

1. Introduction to Islamic Law, Shari'a: Part I, Prohibition and Don't Do Commands in the Holy Quran

 

2. The No (La) Commands

 

3. The Imperative Commands 

 

***

 

Articles with Islamic Perspective:

 

Health Care Crisis in the US: An Islamic Perspective

 

"Terrorism" & "Islamo-Fascism" Propaganda Campaigns: An Interactive Lecture

 

Six Questions About Islam, Muslims and Jews

 

Five Islamic Issues: Predestination and choice, position toward other religions, angels, and the End of Days

Food Islamic Rules and Teachings
 

 

Are Muslim women second-class citizens  

 

The French Ban on Islamic Headscarf, an Interview with

 

Links to Islamic Topics 2007-2010

 

Links to Islamic Topics 2007

 

Links to Islamic topics 2006

 

Links to Islamic topics 2005

 

Links to Islamic topics 2004

 

Links to Islamic topics, 2003

 

2002 Links to Islamic topics

 

 

Islam:

God's Message of Guidance to Humanity

 

III. 6 B 

 

John the Baptist, Ya'hya Son of Zakariya

 

in the Holy Quran

 

Peace be to him

 

 

 

***

 

By Hassn Ali El-Najjar

 

Thursday, 23rd of Shawwal, 1437 July 28, 2016

 

***

 

 

Ya'hya, the Son of Zakariya (John the Baptist, the Son of Zacharias), peace be to him, was conceived in a miracle from God, in response to a call from his father Zakariya, who was in old age together with his wife. This was another miracle from Allah, similar to the one bestowed upon Ibrahim (Abraham) and his elderly wife before.

 

He was a Prophet, who preached the message of Allah to the Israelites, just before and during the ministry of 'Eissa, the Son of Maryam (Jesus Christ, the Son of Mary), peace be to him, who was conceived in a greater miracle, without a father. *

 

In particular, he emphasized the importance of repentance and asking God for forgiveness, in orders for sins to be forgiven.

 

He admonished the high priests and the King for their arrogance, which led them not to repent, thinking that their sins are forgiven, just because they are descendants from Abraham.

 

He paid the ultimate price for insisting that the King was sinning by his marriage of his brother's wife.

 

The following are ten references about his life and his teaching, presented as a comparison between verses from the Bible and the Holy Quran.

 

***

 

First, Zakariyas call on Allah (God) to enable him to have a child was answered.

 

But the angel said to him, Do not be afraid, Zacharias, for your petition has been heard, and your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you will give him the name John (Luke, 1: 5-13).

 

 

ٰ

 

I seek refuge with God from the Stoned Shaytan (Satan)

In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

 

***

 

ۖ ۖ   ﴿٣٨﴾ ٰ   ﴿٣٩﴾ ٰ ۖ ٰ   ﴿٤٠﴾ ۖ ۗ   ﴿٤١﴾ ( 3: 38-41).

 

 

At that, Zakariya (Zacharias) called upon his Lord, saying, My Lord, grant me from Yourself a good offspring. Indeed, You are the Hearer of supplication.  (38)

 

So the angels called him while he was standing in prayer in the chamber, Indeed, Allah gives you good tidings of Yahya (John), confirming a word from Allah and [who will be] honorable, abstaining [from women], and a prophet from among the righteous.  (39)

 

He said, My Lord, how will I have a boy when I have reached old age and my wife is barren? The angel said, Such is Allah; He does what He wills.  (40)

 

He said, My Lord, make for me a sign. He Said, Your sign is that you will not [be able to] speak to the people for three days except by gesture. And remember your Lord much and exalt [Him with praise] in the evening and the morning.  (41)  (Al-Imran, 3: 38-41).

 

***

 

ٰ

 

  ﴿١﴾   ﴿٢﴾ ٰ   ﴿٣﴾   ﴿٤﴾   ﴿٥﴾ ۖ   ﴿٦﴾ ٰ   ﴿٧﴾ ٰ   ﴿٨﴾ ٰ   ﴿٩﴾ ۚ   ﴿١٠﴾ ٰ ٰ   ﴿١١﴾  ( 19: 1-11).

 

I seek refuge with God from the Stoned Shaytan (Satan)

In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

 

Kaf, Ha, Ya, 'Ayn, Sad.  (1)

 

[This is] a mention of the mercy of your Lord to His worshipper Zakariya (Zacharias), (2)

 

When he called to his Lord a private supplication,  (3)

 

He said, "My Lord, indeed my bones have weakened, and my head has filled with white, and never have I been in my supplication to You, my Lord, unhappy.  (4)

 

And indeed, I fear the successors after me, and my wife has been barren, so give me from Yourself an heir (5)

 

Who will inherit me and inherit from the family of Jacob. And make him, my Lord, pleasing [to You]."  (6)

 

[He was told], "O Zakariya (Zacharias), indeed We give you good tidings of a boy whose name will be Yahya (John). We have not assigned to any before [this] name."  (7)

 

He said, "My Lord, how will I have a boy when my wife has been barren and I have reached extreme old age?"  (8)

 

[An angel] said, "Thus [it will be]; your Lord says, 'It is easy for Me, for I created you before, while you were nothing.' " (9)

 

[Zakariya] said, "My Lord, make for me a sign." He said, "Your sign is that you will not speak to the people for three nights, [being] sound."  (10)

 

So he came out to his people from the prayer chamber and signaled to them to exalt [Allah] in the morning and afternoon.  (11) (Maryam, 19: 1-11).

 

Second, he will drink no wine or liquor.

 

You will have joy and gladness, and many will rejoice at his birth. For he will be great in the sight of the Lord; and he will drink no wine or liquor (Luke, 1: 14-17).

 

 

( 5: 90).

 

O you who have believed, indeed, wine (intoxicants), gambling, [sacrificing on] stone alters [to other than Allah], and divining arrows are but defilement from the work of Satan, so avoid it that you may be successful  (Al-Ma-ida, 5: 90).

 

 

Third, repentance for the forgiveness of sins

 

John the Baptist appeared in the wilderness preaching a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins (Mark, 1: 4).

 

Then Jerusalem was going out to him, and all Judea and all the district around the Jordan; and they were being baptized by him in the Jordan River, as they confessed their sins (Matthew, 3: 5-6).

 

 

ٰ ( 3: 135).

 

And those who, when they commit an immorality or wrong themselves [by transgression], remember Allah and seek forgiveness for their sins - and who can forgive sins except Allah? - and [who] do not persist in what they have done while they know  (Al-Imran, 3: 135).

 

 

ٰ ( 66: 8).

 

O you who have believed, repent to Allah with sincere repentance. Perhaps your Lord will remove from you your misdeeds and admit you into gardens beneath which rivers flow (Al-Tahreem, 66: 8).

 

 

ٰ ۗ ( 25: 70).

 

Except for those who repent, believe and do righteous work. For them Allah will replace (punishment for) their evil deeds with good (rewards in the hereafter). And ever is Allah Forgiving and Merciful  (Al-Furqan, 25: 70).

 

 

Fourth, Gods Covenant with Abraham applies only to the righteous of his descendants. It does not apply to the arrogant ones who do not repent or ask for His forgiveness.

 

But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming for baptism, he said to them, "You brood of vipers, who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? "Therefore bear fruit in keeping with repentance; and do not suppose that you can say to yourselves, 'We have Abraham for our father'; for I say to you that from these stones God is able to raise up children to Abraham (Matthew, 3: 7-10).

 

 

ٰ ۖ ۖ ۖ ( 2: 126).

 

And [mention, O Muhammad], when Ibrahim (Abraham) was tried by his Lord with commands, and he fulfilled them, [Allah] said, "Indeed, I will make you a leader for the people." [Ibrahim] said, "And of my descendants?" [Allah] said, "My covenant does not include the wrongdoers" (Al-Baqara, 2: 126).

 

 

( 2: 40).

 

O Children of Israel, remember My favor which I have bestowed upon you and fulfill your part of the Covenant (by worshipping Me and by being righteous) in order for Me to fulfill My part of the Covenant towards you, and be afraid of Me (my punishment)  (Al-Baqara, 2: 40).

 

 

Fifth, those who benefit people will be empowered and those who harm people will go away

 

Indeed the axe is already laid at the root of the trees; so every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire (Luke, 3: 9).

 

 

ۖ ( 13: 17).

 

As for the foam, it vanishes; but as for that which benefits the people, it remains on the earth (Al-Rad, 13: 17).

 

 

ۗ  ( 22: 41).

 

Those who, if We give them authority in the land (empower them), establish prayer and give zakah (charity) and enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong. And to Allah belongs the outcome of matters (Al-Haj, 22: 41).

 

 

Sixth, giving charity to the needy

 

The man who has two tunics (pieces of clothes) is to share with him who has none (Luke, 3: 10-14).

 

 

ۖ ۚ ۚ  ( 65: 7).

 

Let a man of wealth spend from his wealth (giving charity), and he whose provision is restricted - let him spend from what Allah has given him. Allah does not charge a soul except [according to] what He has given it. Allah will bring about, after hardship, ease (Al-Talaq, 65: 7).

 

 

  ( 2: 274). 

 

Those who spend their wealth [giving charity] by night and by day, secretly and publicly - they will have their reward with their Lord. And no fear will there be concerning them, nor will they grieve (Al-Baqara, 2: 274).

 

 

Seventh, do not take money from anyone by force

 

Do not take money from anyone by force (Luke, 3: 10-14).

 

 

( 2: 188).

 

And do not consume one another's wealth unjustly or send it [in bribery] to the rulers in order that [they might aid] you [to] consume a portion of the wealth of the people in sin, while you know [that it is unlawful]  (Al-Baqara, 2: 188).

 

 

  ( 26: 18).

 

And do not deprive people of their due and do not commit abuse on earth, spreading corruption (Al-Shuara, 26: 18).

 

 

Eighth, do not accuse anyone falsely

 

Do not accuse anyone falsely (Luke, 3: 10-14).

 

 

( 25: 72).

 

 

And [the believers are] those who do not testify to falsehood, and when they pass near ill speech, they pass by with dignity (Al-Furqan, 25: 72).

 

 

ٰ ( 49: 6). 

 

O you who have believed, if there comes to you a disobedient one with information, investigate, lest you harm a people out of ignorance and become, over what you have done, regretful (Al-Hujurat, 49: 6).

 

 

Ninth, provision and earnings have already been decreed in heavens

 

 

A man can receive nothing unless it has been given him from heaven  (John, 3: 27-28).

 

 

( 51: 22).

 

And in the heaven is your provision and whatever you are promised (Al-Dhariyat, 51: 22).

 

 

( 2: 217).

 

O you who have believed, eat from the good things which We have provided for you and be grateful to Allah if it is [indeed] Him that you worship (Al-Baqara, 2: 217).

 

 

( 2: 212).

 

And Allah gives provision to whom He wills without account (Al-Baqara, 2: 212).

 

 

Tenth, killed for his persistence in telling the truth

 

For when Herod had John arrested, he bound him and put him in prison because of Herodias, the wife of his brother Philip. For, John had been saying to him: "It is not lawful for you to have her." Although Herod wanted to put him to death, he feared the crowd, because they regarded John as a prophet.

 

But when Herod's birthday came, the daughter of Herodias danced before them and pleased Herod, so much that he promised with an oath to give her whatever she asked. Having been prompted by her mother, she said, "Give me here on a platter the head of John the Baptist."

 

Although he was grieved, the king commanded it to be given because of his oaths, and because of his dinner guests. He sent and had John beheaded in the prison. And his head was brought on a platter and given to the girl, and she brought it to her mother. His disciples came and took away the body and buried it; and they went and reported to Jesus  (Matthew, 14: 3-12).

 

 

ۚ ( 4: 155).

 

 

And [We cursed them] for their breaking of the Covenant and their disbelief in the signs of Allah and their killing of the prophets without right and their saying, "Our hearts are wrapped". Rather, Allah has sealed them because of their disbelief, so they believe not, except for a few (Al-Nissa, 4: 155).

 

 

=================================================================================================

 

For more about Ibrahim (Abraham), his son Isaac, and Eissa (Jesus Christ) in the Holy Quran, see:

 

Islam: God's Message of Guidance to Humanity

 

By Hassan Ali El-Najjar (1436 / 2015)

 

http://www.daltonislamiccenter.org/Islamic%20Editorials/Links%20to%20Educational%20Articles%20About%20Islam.htm

 

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 Dr. Hassan Ali El-Najjar is a native speaker of Arabic. He has a Ph.D. in Sociology and a Masters degree in Cultural Anthropology.

 

 

 

Opinions expressed in various sections are the sole responsibility of their authors and they may not represent Al-Jazeerah's.

 

editor@aljazeerah.info